Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh - Mã đề 485 - Năm học 2015-2016 - Trường THPT Bỉm Sơn

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Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh - Mã đề 485 - Năm học 2015-2016 - Trường THPT Bỉm Sơn
Sở Giáo dục- Đào tạo Thanh Hoá
Trường THPT Bỉm Sơn
Môn : Tiếng Anh 
 Thời gian làm bài : 90 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
(Đề này gồm 06 trang )
Mã đề thi 485
Họ, tên thí sinh:..........................................................................
Số báo danh:...............................................................................
SECTION A (8 points):
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 
Question 1. The Indians of the southwestern United States are famous for their beautiful
art work, especially handmade jewelry cast from silver, carved from stones, or decorations with
 B C D
beads and feathers.
Question 2. After writing it, the essay must be duplicated by the student himself and handed in to the
 A B C
 department secretary before the end of the month.
Question 3. My cousin composes not only the music, but also sings the songs for the maior 
 A B C D
Broadway musicals.
Question 4. Although no country has exactly the same folk music as those of any other, it is 
 A B
significant that similar songs exist among widely separated people
 C D
 Question 5. All of the cities in Texas, San Antonio is probably the most picturesque.
 A B C D
 Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 
Question 6. Whenever Susan invites us to dinner, she customarily prepares a lot of delicious food.
 A. naturally B. necessarily C. certainly D. usually 
Question 7. It is hoped that illiteracy will soon be eradicated in our country as more and more people are struggling against it
 A. striving B. plunging 	 C. starting	 D. evolving 
Question 8. His new yatch is certainly an ostentatious display of his wealth. 
A. beautiful B. showy C. large D. expensive
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the words whose pronunciation is different from the others in each of the following questions. 
Question 9: A. washes	 B. works	C. stops	D. speaks
Question 10. A. amount	 B. astound	C. mouthful	D. shoulder
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 11. A. curriculum B. kindergarten	C. contaminate	D.conventional
Question 12. A. argument B. marvellous 	C. physical	D. suspicious	
 Question 13. A. apply	 B. visit	 	C. appear	D. attend
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 14 to 23.
Ethology is concerned with the study of adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its Evolutionary history. Ethological theory began to be applied to research on children in the1960’s but has become even more influential today. The origins of ethology can be traced to the work of Darwin. Its modern foundations were laid by two European zoologists, Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen.
Watching the behaviors diverse animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz, and Tinbergen observed behavior patterns that promote survival. The most well-known of these is imprinting, the early following behavior of certain baby birds that ensures that the young will stay close to their mother and be fed and protected from danger. Imprinting takes place during an early, restricted time period of development. If the mother goose is not present during this time, but an object resembling her in important features is, young goslings may imprint on it instead . Observations of imprinting led to major concept that has been applied in child development” the critical period . It refers to a limited times span during which the child is biologically prepared to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs the support of suitably stimulating environment. Many researchers have conducted studies to find out whether complex cognitive and social behaviors must be learned during restricted time periods. for example, if children are deprived of adequate food or physical and social stimulation during the early years of life, will their intelligence be permanently impaired? If language is not mastered during the preschool years, is the child’s capacity to acquire it reduced?
	Inspired by observations of imprinting, in 1969 the British psychoanalyst John Bowlby applied ethological theory to the understanding of the relationship between an infant and its parents. He argued that attachment behaviors of babies, such as smiling, babbling, grasping, and crying, are built-in social signals that encourage the parents to approach, care for, and interact with the baby. By keeping a parent near, these behaviors help ensure that the baby will be fed, protected from danger, and provided with the stimulation and affection necessary for healthy growth. The development of attachment in human infants is a lengthy process involving changes in psychological structures that lead to a deep affectional tie between parent and baby.
Question 14: According to the passage, if a mother goose is not present during the time period when
imprinting takes place, which of the following will most likely occur?
A. The mother will later imprint on the gosling.
B. The gosling may imprint on another object.
C. The gosling will not imprint on any object.
D. The gosling may not find a mate when it matures.
Question 15: The word “foundations” in line 4 is closest in meaning to______.
A. institutions	B. inventions	C. discoveries	D. researches
Question 16: The word “ensures” in line 7 is closest in meaning to __________.
A. assumes	B. guarantees	C. proves	D. teaches
Question 17: The word “He” in line 19 refers to __________.
A. a psychoanalyst	B. an infant	 C. parent	 D. a baby
Question 18: The author mentions all of the following as attachment behaviors of human infants EXCEPT __________.
A.	eating B. crying	C. smiling	D. grasping
Question 19: It can be inferred from the passage that ethological theory assumes that __________.
A. failure to imprint has no influence on intelligence
B. there are similarities between animal and human behavior
C. to learn about human behavior only human subjects should be studied
D. the notion of critical periods applies only to animals
Question 20: According to the passage, attachment behaviors of infants are intended to___________.
A. prepare the infant to cope with separation
B. provide the infant with a means of self-stimulation
C. allow the infant to become imprinted on objects that resemble the parent
D. get the physical, emotional and social needs of the infant met 
Question 21: The word “acquire” in line 12 is closest in meaning to __________.
A.	work B. reach	C. have	D. gain 
Question 22: The phrase “affectional tie” in line 24 is closest in meaning to _________.
A. behavioral change	B. psychological need
C. cognitive development	D. emotional attachment
Question 23: What was Darwin’s contribution to ethology?
A. Darwin was the first person to apply ethological theory to children.
B. Darwin’s work provided the basis for ethology.
C. Darwin was the professor who taught Lorenz and Tinbergen.
D. Darwin improved on the original principles of ethology.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 24 to 33. 
 Environmental Concerns
 Earth is the only place we know of in the universe that can support human life. (24) ______ human activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the western world carries on consuming (25)_______ of the world's resources while half of the world's population do so just to stay (26)_______ we are rapidly destroying the only resource we have (27)________ which all people can survive and prosper. Everywhere fertile soil is (28)______ built on or washed into the sea. Renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to recover (29)______. We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences. As a (30)______, the planet's ability to support people is being reduced at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are making increasingly heavy demands on it.
 The Earth's (31)______ resources are there for us to use. We need food, water, air, energy, medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to (32)______ us fed, comfortable, healthy and active. If we are sensible in how we use the resources they will last indefinitely. But if we use them wastefully and excessively they will soon (33)_______ and everyone will suffer.
Question 24: 	A. Still 	B. Despite 	C. Yet D. Although
Question 25: 	A. two-threes 	B. two- third C. two-three D. two-thirds 
Question 26: 	A. survival 	B. alive 	 C. existent D. live
Question 27: A. by B. at C. in D. on 
Question 28: 	A. sooner 	B. rather 	C. either 	D. neither
Question 29: 	A. completely 	B. quite 	C. greatly D. utterly
Question 30: 	A. development 	B. product 	C. result 	D. reaction
Question 31: 	A. natural 	B. real 	C. living D. genuine
Question 32: 	A. stay 	B. hold C. maintain D. keep 
Question 33: 	A. run out 	B. run away C. run up D. run off
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 34. This shouldn’t be too taxing for you.
A. easy	 B. demanding 	 C. comfortable 	D. relaxing
Question 35: The aircraft carrier is indispensable in naval operations against sea or shore based enemies.
 A. unique	 B. novel	C. unnecessary	D. exotic
 Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 45. 
Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War is the country’s impressive population growth. For every three Canadians in 1945, there were over five in 1966. In September 1966 Canada’s population passed the 20 million mark. Most of his surging growth came from natural increase. The depression of the 1930’s and the war had held back marriages, and the catching-up process began after 1945. The baby boom continued through the decade of the 1950’s, producing a population increase of nearly fifteen percent in the five years from 1951 to 1956. This rate of increase had been exceeded only once before settle. Undoubtedly, the good economic conditions of the 1950’s supported a growth in the population, but the expansion also derived from a trend toward earlier marriages and an increase in the average size of families. In 1957 the Canadian birth rate stood at 28 per thousand, one of the highest in the world.
	After the peak year of 1957, the birth rate in Canada began to decline. It continued falling until in 1966 it stood at the lowest level in 25 years. Partly this decline reflected the low level of births during the depression and the war, but it was also caused by changes in Canadian society. Young people were staying at school longer; more women were working; young married couples were buying automobiles or houses before starting families; rising living standards were cutting down the size of families.It appeared that Canada was once more falling in step with the trend toward smaller families that had occurred all through the Western world since the time of the Industrial Revolution.
	Although the growth in Canada’s population had slowed down by 1966 (the increase in the first half of the 1960’s was only nine percent), another large population wave was coming over the horizon. It would be composed of the children who were born during the period of the high birth rate prior to 1957.
Question 36. The word “trend” in line 8 is closest in meaning to__________.
A. growth	B. aim	C. tendency	D. directive
Question 37. According to the passage, when did Canada’s baby boom begin?
A. In the decade after 1911	 B. During the depression of the 1930’s	
C. After 1945	 D. In 1966
Question 38. It can be inferred from the passage that before the Industrial Revolution _________.
A. the population grew steadily.	 B. population statistics were unreliable
C. families were larger	 D. economic conditions were bad
Question 39. The word “five” in line 2 refers to__________.
A. Canadians	B. years	C. decades	D. marriages
Question 40. The author suggests that in Canada during the 1950’s____.
A. the urban population decreased rapidly	B. the birth rate was very high
C. economic conditions were poor	D. fewer people married
Question 41. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Educational changes in Canadian society.	B. Canada during the Second World War.
C. Population trends in postwar Canada.	D. Standards of living in Canada.
Question 42. The word “peak” in line 11 is closest in meaning to___________.
A. pointed	B. dismal	C. maximum D. mountain
Question 43. The word “surging” in line 3 is closest in meaning to__________.
A. extra	B. accelerating	C. new	D. surprising
Question 44. The author mentions all of the following as causes of declines in population growth after 1957 EXCEPT__________.
A. people being better educated	B. people getting married earlier
C. better standards of living	D. couples buying houses
Question 45. When was the birth rate in Canada at its lowest postwar level?
A. 1957	B. 1966	C. 1956	D. 1951
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer that best completes each unfinished sentence.
Question 46. So little_______about mathematics that the lecture was completely beyond me.
A. I have known	B. I knew	C. do I know	D. did I know
Question 47. ________he study harder, he will do better in the exam.
A. Should	B. If 	 C.When	 D. Unless
Question 48. Last year she earned _______ her brother.	
A. twice as more as B. twice more than	 
C. twice as many as	 D. twice as much as	 
 Question 49. Van Gogh suffered from depression ______ by overwork and ill-health.
 A. brought on	 B. coming about	 C. taken up	D. pull through
Question 50. The girls and flowers ______ he painted were vivid.
A. whose	 B. that	 C. which	 D. who
Question 51. Harry:" ______________" 
 Kate: "Yes. I'd like to buy a computer."
A. Do you look for something?	B. Good morning. Can I help you?
C. Excuse me. Do you want to buy it?	D. Can you help me buy something? 
Question 52. Look! The yard is wet. It______ last night.
A. should have rained B. couldn't have rained 
C. must rain	 D. must have rained 
Question 53. Is it necessary that I _____ here tomorrow?
A. am being	B. were	C. be	D. would be
Question 54. This is a valuable ................ chair which dates back to the eighteeth century.
A. traditional	B. antique	C. old-fashioned	D. ancient
Question 55. I saw him hiding something in a_______ bag.
A. small plastic black	 B. small black plastic	 
C. black small plastic D. plastic small black
Question 56. She earned a degree in Physics and went on _________ another degree in Mathematics.
 A. taking B. to take C. taken D. being taken
Question 57. Tom: “ Sorry, I forgot to phone you last night.” -Mary: “________”
A. Never mind!	B. I have nothing to tell you.	 
C. Oh. Poor me!	 D. You was absent - minded.
Question 58. Those trousers are far too big. Why don’t you have them___?
A. taken on	B. taken in	C. taken over	 D. taken out
Question 59. I gave the waiter a $50 note and waited for my _________.
A. cash	B. supply	C. change	 D. cost
 Question 60. When his alarm went off, he shut it off and slept for ________15 minutes. 
A. other  	 B. others  	C. another  	D. the others
Question 61. I read the contract again and again _________ avoiding making spelling mistakes.
A. in terms of	 B. by means of	 C. with a view to	 D. in view of 
 Question 62. He had spent ____________ time writing an essay on his childhood.
 A. a few 	B. a large number of 	C. a great deal of	D. many
Question 63. When there are small children around, it is better to put breakable ornaments out of _____.
A.  reach               B.  hand                    C.  place             D.  hold
Question 64.This is the __________spot on which the first pilgrims landed in America.
A. historic B. historical C. history D. historicity
SECTION B (2 points):
I.Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.Write your answers on your answer sheet.(0,5 points).
Question 1: It is said that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built over a 20-year period
The Great Pyramid of Giza 
Question 2: Mary started learning English 3 years ago
 Mary has ..............................................................................
Question 3: Mr. Smith knew little about the Internet, so he didn’t invest into any computer companies.
Had ..................
Question 4: We can’t have breakfast in the garden because it is very cold.
 It is so..
Question 5: Immediately after his arrival, things went wrong.
II. In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the benefits of playing sports. Write your paragraph on your answer sheet.(1,5points.)
The following prompts might be helpful to you. 
 - Keeping fit and healthy
 - Entertaining and relaxing
 - Earning money
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