Adverbial clauses of reasons, results and concession

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Adverbial clauses of reasons, results and concession
ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF REASONS, RESULTS AND CONCESSION
I/ Choose A, B, C or D that best completes each unfinished sentence
1. Mai worked hard , ______ she passed her exam .
a. so 	b. although 	c. because 	d. though
2. _____ she was very tired , she helped her brother with his homework . 
a. Because 	b. whether 	c. Although 	c. so 
3. It’s raining hard , _____ we can’t go to the beach . 
a. or 	b. but 	c. so 	d. though
4. Nam was absent from class yesterday ____ he felt sick .
a. so 	b. because 	c. although 	d. but 
5. Tom has a computer , _____ he doesn’t use it . 
a. or 	b. as 	because 	d. but 
6. The boy can’t reach the shelf ____ he’s not tall enough.
a. because 	b. although 	c. even though 	d. and 
7. The film was boring ____ we went home .
a. so 	b. when 	c. but 	c. if 
8. The girl bought the shoes _____ they are very expensive .
a. but 	b. if 	c. so 	d. although 
9. He used to smoke a lot ______ now he doesn’t smoke any more . 
a. still 	b. therefore 	c. but 	d. as 
10. She couldn’t unlock it ______ she had the wrong key . 
a. while 	b. but 	c. though 	d. because 
II/ REWRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES. 
1. I couldn’t do the test because it was difficult.àBecause of 
2. Although he got up early, he was late for the first train.à In spite .
3. Although English grammar is difficult, we like to study it.à In spite .
4. Although he is an excellent doctor, he can’t cure lever cancer.à Despite ..
5. Although my friend doesn’t have enough money, she wants to buy that new car.à Despite 
6. Although Mai didn’t speak English well, she decided to live in London.à In spite 
7. Although he is sick, he goes to school.à In spite of 
8. Although Lan was tired, she did all her homework carefully.à Despite .
9. Everybody has a great regard for her despite her poverty.à Although 
10. They worked very hard although they were old.à In spite .
11. Peter didn’t go to school yesterday because he was sick.à Because of .
12. Mary went to bed early because she felt tired.à Because of .
13. She didn’t go to the circus with Betty because she had a bad cold.à Because of .
14. John succeeded in his exam because he worked hard.à Because of .
15. She stayed at home because her mother was sick.à Because of .
16. I like him because his father is kind to me.à Because of ..
17. I couldn’t do the test because it was difficult.à Because of 
18. Although he got up early, he was late for the first train.à In spite ..
19. Though English grammar is difficult, we like to study it.à In spite ...
20. Although he is an excellent doctor, he can’t cure liver cancer.à Despite .
21. Although my friend doesn’t have enough money, she wants to buy that new car.à Despite ..
22. Although Mai didn’t speak English well, she decided to live in London.à In spite .
23. Although I am hungry, I can’t eat now.à Despite ..
24. Despite the narrow streets, many people drive cars in this city.à Though .
25. In spite of the high prices, my daughters insist on going to the movie.à Although .
26. They worked very hard in spite of their old age.-> Although.
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
(Understanding & Using E. Gr. page 202)
0. Friends are people .Bclose to us.
	A. who is 	B. who are 	C. which is 	D. which are
1. “Who is eligible for the scholarship?”
 “Anyone.scholastic record is above average can apply for the scholarship.”
	A. who has a 	B. has a 	C. who’s a 	D. whose
2. Dr. Sales is a person..
	A. in whom I don’t have much confidence 	B. in that I don’t have much confidence
	C. whom I don’t have much confidence in him 	D. I don’t have much confidence
3. “Is April twenty-first the day..?”- “No, the twenty-second.”
	A. you’ll arrive then 	B. when you’ll arrive
	C. on that you’ll arrive 	D. when you’ll arrive on
4. The severe drought..occurred last summer ruined the corn crop.
	A. that is 	B. which is 	C. it 	D. that
5. Florida,the Sunshine State, attracts many tourists every year.
	A. is 	B. known as 	C. is known as 	D. that is known as
6. The new shopping mall is gigantic. It’s advertised as a placeyou can find just about anything you 
 might want to buy.
	A. where 	B. which 	C. in where 	D in which
7. Lola’s marriage has been arranged by her family. She is marrying a man
	A. that she hardly knows him 	B. whom she hardly knows him
	C. she hardly knows 	D. she hardly knows him
8. People who exercise frequently have greater physical endurance than those..
	A. who doesn’t 	B. that doesn’t 	C. which don’t 	D. who don’t
9. “Is this the address toyou want the package sent?” 
	A. where 	B. that 	C. which 	D. whom
10. Ann quit her job at the advertising agency, .surprised everyone.
	A. which 	B. that 	C. who 	D. that is
11. That book is by a famous anthropologist. It’s about the people in Samoa.for two years.
	A. that she lived 	B. that she lived among them
	C. among whom she lived 	D. where she lived among them
12. The missing man’s family is desperately seeking anyone.information about his activities or 
 whereabouts.
	A. has 	B. having 	C. who has 	D. have
13. The publishers expect that the new biography of Simon Bolivar will be bought by peoplein 
 Latin American history.
	A. who they are interested 	B. are interested 
	C. interested 	D. they are interested
14. I have always wanted to visit Paris, ..of France.
	A. is the capital 	B. which the capital is 	
	C. that is the capital 	D. the capital
15. The chemistry book..was a little expensive.
	A. that I bought it 	B. I bought that 	C. what I bought 	D. I bought
16. “ Have you ever met the manover there?” - “ No. Who is he?”
	A. stands 	B. standing 	C. is standing 	D. who he standing
17. “Do you have the bookthe teacher?” – “Yes, I do”
	A. that it belongs to 	B. to which belongs to 	
	C. to which belongs 	D. that belongs to
18. The voters were overwhelmingly against the candidateproposals called for higher taxes.
	A. who is 	B. whose 	C. whom he had 	D. that his
19. “Do you remember Mrs. Goddard, taught us English composition?” – “I certainly do”
	A. who 	B. whom 	C. that 	D. which
20. I have three brothers, ..are businessmen.
	A. that all of them 	B. who they all 	C. all of whom 	D. who all of them
21. “ Where you able to locate the personwallet you found?”
	A. which 	B. that his 	C. whose 	D. that’s
22. Some fish are frozen, but..is best.
	A. fish is fresh 	B. fresh fish 	C. fish fresh 	D. fresh fish is caught
23. “Why do you get up at 4.00 AM ?” 
 “Because it’s the only time.without being interrupted.”
	A. when I can work on my book 	B. when I can work on my book at 
	C. when I can work on my book then 	D. at when I can work on my book
24. “You seem so happy today”
 “ I am. You are looking at a personhas just been accepted into medical school”
	A. who 	B. who she 	C. whom she 	D. whom
25. “The movie.last night was terrific.” – “What’s about it?”
	A. I went 	B. I went to it 	C. I went to 	D. that I went
26. Many people lost their homes in the earthquake. The government needs to establish more shelters to 
 care for thosehave homes.
	A. who doesn’t 	B. who don’t 	C. which doesn’t 	D. which don’t
27. The problemnever occurred.
	A. I had expected it 	B. who I had expected 
	C. that I had expected it 	D. I had expected
28. I had to drive to the factory to pick up my brother, ..car wouldn’t start.
	A. who his 	B. who 	C. who’s 	D. whose
29. I read a book about Picasso, ..
	A. is a Spanish painter 	B. a Spanish painter
	C. who a Spanish painter is 	D. that is a Spanish painter
30. The people..the acrobat turn circles in the air were horrified when he missed the outstretched 
 hands of his partner and fell to his death.
	A. watched 	B. watch 	C. watching 	D. were watching
31. “My writing has improved a lot in this class.”
 “Mine has, too. All the students . do well in writing”
	A. whom Mr. Davis teaches them 	B. which Mr. Davis teaches
	C. that Mr. Davis teaches them 	D. Mr. Davis teaches
32. “ Have you ever seen the place.the graduation ceremony will be held?”
	A. in that 	B. where 	C. is where that 	D. which
33. I have seventeen students, most of . speak English very well.
	A. who 	B. those 	C. whom 	D. which
34. “ Will everyone like the book?”
 “ No. Only people.interested in anthropology.”
	A. are 	B. who are 	C. in whom are 	D. that is
35. “ How did you enjoy your dinner with Mr. Jackson?”
 “ It was boring. He talked only about himself, . almost put us to sleep.”
	A. which 	B. that 	C. who 	D. that he
36. My grandfather, a wise man, has greatly influenced my life.
	A. is 	B. that is 	C. who is 	D. who he is
37. Is Dr. Brown is the person .you wish to speak?
	A. that 	B. whom 	C. to that 	D. to whom
38. In the movie, the teenager.to persuade a singing career meets resistance from his strong-willed 
 father.
	A. wants 	B. wanted 	C. wanting 	D. who want
39. “Excuse me, but there is something about..immediately.”
	A. which I must speak to you 	B. which I must speak to you about it 
	C. that I must speak to you about 	D. that I must speak to you
40. Little woman,in 1868, is my sister’s favorite book.
	A. is a novel published 	B. a novel published 
	C. a novel was published 	D. was a novel published
BÀI TẬP ĐỘNG TỪ NGUYÊN MẪU, DANH ĐỘNG TỪ
1.I finally finishedat 7 p.m and severed dinner.
	A. cooking 	B. to cook 	C. cooked 	D. cook
2. We intendaway with the old system once we have developed a better one.
	A. doing 	B. to do 	C. do 	D. to have done
3. The old man is said.all his money to an old people’s home when he died.
	A. to leave 	B. to leaving 	C. have left 	D. to have left
4. The blackmailer denied.the photographs to the actress.
	A. send	B. to send 	C. sent 	D. having sent
5. Would you mindme a hand with this bag?
	A. give 	B. to give 	C. giving 	D. to have given
6. Jack got into trouble when he refused.his briefcase for the customs officer.
	A. opening 	B. to open 	C. being opened 	D. to be opened
7. I’m sorry I never graduated. I’ve always regretted notcollege.
	A. to finish 	B. finish 	C. finished 	D. having finished
8. Alice didn’t expectto Bill’s party.
	A. asking 	B. being asking 	C. to ask 	D. to be asked
9. The cost of the material isin the bill for the work.
	A. include 	B. included 	C. including 	D. includes
10. Tom is not used toup early. He is late for school very often.
	A. get 	B. to get 	C. getting 	D. got
11. Can you help mein this application form?
	A. fill 	B. to fill 	C. filling 	D. A & B
12. I don’t remember.of the decision to change the company policy on vacations.
	A. telling 	B. to tell 	C. being told 	D. to be told
13. He’d prefer.chicken soup rather thanmilk.
	A. having / having 	B. have / drink 	C. to have / drink 	D. had / drank
14. He prefers.to .nothing.
	A. work /do 	B. working / doing 	C. to work / to do 	D. to work / do
15. Arthur pretended nothurt when his younger sister bit him.
	A. to have been 	B. to have 	C. having 	D. be
16. Thank you for the invitation. What time would you like.?
	A. we come 	B. us to come 	C. we to come 	D. that we come 
17. It was such a funny sight that we couldn’t stop
	A. laughing 	B. to laugh 	C. laugh 	D. to laughing
18. Do you mind.the cooking?
	A. do 	B. doing 	C. to do 	D. for doing
19. She’d rather die than..Peter.
	A. she married 	B. marrying 	C. to marry 	D. marry
20. My father won’t let me..up late when I was a child.
	A. to be stay 	B. staying 	C. to stay 	D. stay
21. Please forgive me. I don’t meanyou.
	A. upsetting 	B. to upset 	C. being upset 	D. to be upset
22. I am .single-handed, I don’t need any help.
	A. used to sail 	B. used to sailing 	C. used for sailing 	D. using sail
23. It isn’t worth.in that river as it is polluted.
	A. fish 	B. go fishing 	C. to fish	 D. fishing
24. I’ll rememberhim about the fair when I see him.
	A. tell 	B. to tell 	C. telling 	D. told
25. It’s a beautiful day. Would you like to go..?
	A. to sail 	B. sailing 	C. to sailing 	D. for sailing
26. Jane should seriously consider.an actress. She is a talented performer.
	A. to become 	B. became 	C. becoming 	D. will become
27. Did the teacher explain how.this problem?
	A. do we solve 	B. can we solve 	C. to solve 	D. solving
28. I expect Maryhere early tonight. She should arrive in the next half hour.
	A. to come 	B. coming 	C. having come 	D. to have come
29. She arranged .her friend in the afternoon as the weather was fine.
	A. to be meeting	B. to meet 	C. meeting 	D. to have met
30. They spent a lot of time.about what they would do if they had a lot of money.
	A. talk 	B. talked 	C. talking 	D. to talk
31. I learn quite a lot of language simply bypeople.
	A. listen to other 	B. listening to others 	C. listening to other 	D. listen to others
32. The baby continuedeven after she was picked up.
	A. being crying 	B. having been crying 	C. having cried 	D. to cry
33. I got Barbaraborrow he car for the week.
	A. let me 	B. to let me 	C. let me to 	D. to let me to
34. Any time you choose.about another person, you rist a painful, but rarely fatal, broken heart.
	A. care 	B. cared 	C. to care 	D. caring
34. There is no needa broken heart stop your life.
	A. to let 	B. letting 	C. let 	D. and let
35. He denied..on Sera’s toe during the dance.
	A. step 	B. to step 	C. stepped 	D. stepping
36. The teacher spent an hour ________ the new lesson.
	A. explain	B. to explain	C. explaining	D. explained
37. Many young people are fond of ___________ football and other kinds of sports.
	A. play	B. to play	C. playing	D. played
38. There's no point ______ a fuss over it.
	A. to make	B. making	C. being made	D. to be made
39. 'Let's have dinner out this evening,' said George.
	A. George wanted to have dinner out alone.	B. George suggested having dinner out.
	C. George invited them having dinner out.	D. George let others have dinner out.
40. A lot of things ________ to the house before we can move in.
	A. need be doing	B. need to be done	C. need being done	D. need to do
41. The little girl wasted half an hour ________ for her picture book.
	A. look	B. to look	C. looking	D. looked
42. The boy forgot ________ the newspaper for his father on his way home.
	A. buy	B. to buy	C. buying	D. bought
43. It was a nasty memory. Do you remember both of us wearing sunglasses to avoid_________ by the supervisors?
	A. to recognize	B. to be recognized	C. recognizing	D. being recognized
44. I remember _________ them to play in my garden.
	A. to allow	B. allow	C. allowing	D. allowed
45. 'No, I didn't steal anything from her,' said Henry.
	A. Henry confirmed that he had stolen things from her.
	B. Henry refused to steal things from her.
	C. Henry denied stealing things from her.
	D. Henry said no to stealing things from her.
46. 'If I were you, I wouldn't send this information to her,' Harry said to Andrei.
	A. Harry said that he would send the information to her on Andrei's behalf.
	B. Harry advised Andrei to send the information to her.
	C. Harry encouraged Andrei sending the information to her.
	D. Harry wanted to become Andrei in order to send the information to her.
47. May I borrow your car tonight, dad?
	A. Would you mind letting me drive your car tonight, dad?
	B. I'd like to lend you my car tonight, dad.
	C. Shall I borrow your car tonight, dad?
	D. You don't lend me your car tonight, do you?
48. He remembers _______ to the zoo once a month when he was young.
	A. taking	B. to take	C. being taken	D. to be taken
49. She told him ______ up late.
	A. not to staying	B. that he not stayed	C. to stay not	D. not to stay
50. 'You ought to slow down a bit,' the doctor told him.
	A. The doctor begged him to slow down.	B. The doctor made him slow down.
	C. The doctor threatened him to slow down.	D. The doctor advised him to slow down.
BÀI TẬP TỪ NỐI CÂU (LIÊN TỪ)
1. Mary searched all over the house,. couldn’t find the key.
A.but 	B.however	C. although	D. because
2. Please don’t disturb methere is something urgent
A. if	B. or	C. otherwise	D. unless
3. Peter closed all the windows. the rain couldn’t come in.
A. because	B.so	C. so that	D.as
4. Phone me before ten;..I’ll be too busy to talk to you.
A. unless	B.whether 	C.otherwise	D. if
5. He was watching TV ..the burglar alarm went off.
A. when 	B. because 	C.after 	D.until
6. You’ll fail the exam..you started revising.
A.if 	B. until 	C.when 	D.unless
7. he was sick, he still turned up for his guitar lesson.
A. Although	 B.Because	C.Despite 	D.Since
8. ..Daisy didn’t like to swim, she played on the beach while her fiends swam in the sea.
A. Although 	B. Since 	C. However	D. When
9..the rise in unemployment, people still seem to be spending more.
A. Meanwhile	B. Nevertheless C. Although	D.Despite
10. Mary didn’t like Tom, she agreed to work with him on the project.
A.Since	B.Although	C.However	D.Despite
11. ..you work harder, you are going to fail your exam.
A.If 	B.Unless	C.Although	D.Because
12. These days women are not expected to stay at home..their mother did in the past.
A.as	B. as if	C.like	D.even if
13. Mary does not do her homework.you tell her to.
A.because 	B.unless	C.since	D.however
14. Tree won’t growthere is enough water.
A. if 	B.when	C.unless	D.as
15. I’m going to South Carolinathe semester is over.
A.when 	B.while 	C.during 	D.at
16. Some people really enjoy swimming,.others are afraid of water.
A.while 	B.or 	C.despite 	D.in spite of
17. I can’t ride a bicyclethere isn’t any air in one of the tires.
A.despite 	B.because 	C.although 	D.but
18. Some snakes are poisonous,others are harmless.
 A.but 	B.so 	C.for 	D.despite
19. I usually enjoy attending productions in small community theaters. The play we attended last 
 night,, was so bad that we wanted to leave after the first act.
A.therefore	B.however 	C.whereas	D.even though
20. Jane is a very good student of languages. Her brother, Michael, ..,has never been able to 
 master another language.
A.therefore 	B.even though C.whereas 	D.on the other hand
21. They were disqualified _______ they fought to the last minute.
	A. as	B. since	C. though	D. once
22. I think he's a really good live performer, and his songs are excellent.
___________ you can't hear the words because the music is too loud.
	A. The trouble is	B. In fact	C. On the whole	D. What's more
23. You should clean the cut thoroughly ______ prevent any infection.
	A. so that	B. as to	C. or	D. in order to
24. She hasn't received a single letter from him _______ they both left school.
	A. as	B. because	C. since	D. now that
25. _______ I am aware, this is the last talk on the topic.
	A. Where	B. As long as	C. Since	D. As far as
26. He wouldn't have failed his exams _______ he hadn't been ill.
	A. unless	B. in case	C. if	D. although
27. _________ you change your mind, I won't be able to help you.
	A. If only	B. Because	C. Unless	D. Provided
28. The boy decided to go out _______ it was raining very heavily outside.
	A. because	B. despite	C. even if	D. although
29. The town was nearer _______ we thought it would be.
	A. then	B. that	C. as	D. than
30. His carelessness in doing tests ______ I am worried may lead to a failure.
	A. about that	B. which	C. that	D. about which
31. They couldn't finish it ________ the lack of support.
	A. because	B. because of	C. why	D. the reason
32. Some students in this class are from HCMC, ________ from the provinces.
	A. the others	B. another	C. the other	D. each other
33. ________ test was given, our class leader managed to get good marks.
	A. Whenever	B. Whatever	C. However	D. Wherever
34. You'll see my house _______ you cross the street.
	A. because	B. where	C. when	D. although
35. He hid that letter in a drawer _______ no one could read it.
	A. so that	B. although	C. because	D. than
36. He doesn't seem to be successful _______ hard he works.
	A. whatever	B. although	C. because	D. however
37. This is the girl ______ father owns the biggest shop in the area.
	A. who	B. which	C. her	D. whose
38. ______

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