Đề luyện thi THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2016 - Đề số 16 - Lê Quốc Bảo

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Đề luyện thi THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2016 - Đề số 16 - Lê Quốc Bảo
GV: Lê Quốc Bảo Đề Luyện Thi THPT Quốc Gia 2016 
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ĐỀ SỐ 16 
SECTION A: MULTIPLE –CHOICE QUESTIONS (8 points) 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in 
meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions. 
Question 1: Their migration may be postponed if fog, clouds, or rain hides the stars. 
A. cancelled B. spoiled C. continued D. endangered 
Question 2: You need to dress neatly and elegantly for the interview. The first impression is very 
important. A. formally B. shabbily C. untidy D. comfortably 
Read the following passage, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the 
correct word or phrase for each of the blanks from 3 to 12. 
George Orwell did not expect to be a successful writer. In fact, he spent much of his life anticipating 
failure. In an essay about his schooldays, he wrote that until he was about thirty he always planned his life 
with the (3)____that any major undertaking was bound to fail. He wanted success and worked hard to (4) 
____it but he was never quite able to give up the notion that his efforts would always come up short. At the 
age of 46, (5)____before he died, he confided in his private notebook that a deep sense of inadequacy had 
haunted him throughout his career. He stated that there had been literally not one day in which he did not 
feel that he was being lazy, that he was behind with his current job and that his rate of work was miserably 
small. Even in the first months after the tremendous success of “Animal Farm”, he was quick discount his 
achievement, declaring that his next book was bound to be a failure. 
Of course, no conscientious author is ever completely (6)____with their work, but Orwell’s doubts 
were so (7)____that he often appeared more comfortable (8)____defeat than acknowledging success. In 
1940, after the publication of his eighth book, he (9)____to an admiring letter from another writer by 
(10)____ out of his way to show the man why he was not (11)____of his praise. “It makes me laugh,” he 
wrote, “to see you referring to me as “famous” and “successful”. I wonder if you (12)____ how little my 
books sell!” 
Question 3: A. forecast B. trust C. expectation D. 
reliance 
Question 4: A. reach B. achieve C. fulfill D. 
manage 
Question 5: A. shortly B. presently C. recently D. 
virtually 
Question 6: A. cheered B. assured C. glad D. 
satisfied 
Question 7: A. lengthy B. persistent C. attached D. 
convinced 
Question 8: A. granting B. admitting C. agreeing D. 
allowing 
Question 9: A. returned B. responded C. answered D. 
denied 
Question 10: A. going B. moving C. setting D. 
leaving 
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Question 11: A. capable B. worthy C. just D. 
acceptable 
Question 12: A. assume B. regard C. acknowledge D. 
appreciate 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underline part that needs orrection in 
each of the following questions. 
Question 13: Jame Dickey’s first poem (A) was published (B) during he was (C) still a senior (D) in 
college. 
Question 14: Chicago’s Sears Tower, (A) now the (B) taller building in the world, (C) rises 1,522 feet 
from the ground (D) to the to of its antenna. 
Question 15: The world’s (A) rain forests (B) are being cut down at the rate (C) on 3000 acres (D) per 
hour. 
Question 16: In his famous domes, (A) architecture Buckminster Fuller (B) utilized thousands of (C) 
simple equilateral triangles (D) linked together. 
Question 17: Vitamin E,(A) which is found in (B) nutritious foods such as green vegetables and whole 
grains, (C) action as an antioxidant in cell (D) membranes. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct 
answer to each of the questions from 18 to 27 
Aging is the process of growing old. It occurs eventually in every living thing provided, of course, 
that an illness or accident does not kill it prematurely. The most familiar outward signs of aging may be 
seen in old people, such as the graying of the hair and the wrinkling of the skin. Signs of aging in a pet dog 
or cat include loss of playfulness and energy, a decline in hearing and eyesight, or even a light graying of 
the coat. Plants are too, but the signs are much harder to detect. 
Most body parts grow bigger and stronger, and function more efficiently during childhood. They 
reach their peak at the time of maturity, or early adulthood. After that, they begin to decline. Bones, for 
example, gradually become lighter and more brittle. In the aged, the joints between the bones also become 
rigid and more inflexible. This can make moving very painful. 
All the major organs of the body show signs of aging. The brain, for example, works less efficiently, 
and even gets smaller in size. Thinking processes of all sorts are slowed down. Old people often have trouble 
in remembering recent events. 
One of the most serious changes of old age occurs in the arteries, the blood vessels that lead from 
the heart. They become thickened and constricted, allowing less blood to flow to the rest of body. This 
condition accounts, directly or indirectly, for many of the diseases of the aged. It may, for example, result 
in heart attack. 
Aging is not a uniform process. Different parts of the body wear out at the different rates. There 
are differences among people in their rate of aging. Even the cells of the body differ in the way they age. 
The majority of cells are capable of reproducing themselves many times during the course of a lifetime. 
Nerve cells and muscle fibers can never be replaced once they wear out. 
Gerontologists- scientists who study the process of aging – believe this wearing out of the body is 
controlled by a built-in biological time-clock. They are trying to discover how this clock works so that they 
can slow down the process. This could give man a longer life and a great number of productive years. 
Question 18: What is the main idea of the first paragraph? 
A. Signs of aging are easier to detect in animal than in plants. 
B. Aging occurs in every living thing after it has reached maturity. 
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C. Not all signs of aging are visible. 
D. The outward signs of aging may be seen in old people. 
Question 19: When does the human body begin to lose vigor and the ability fo function efficiently? 
A. Soon after reaching adulthood B. During childhood 
C. Early adulthood D. Past middle age 
Question 20: What happens to memorization when the brain begins to age? 
A. It works less. B. It becomes forgetful. C. It declines. D. It slows 
down. 
Question 21: What does “Aging is not a uniform process” mean? 
A. Not all living thing age B. Not all people are at the same age 
C. Not all people have signs of aging D. Aging doesn’t occur in all people 
Question 22: The word “brittle” as used in the second paragraph means____. 
A. Soft and easily bent B. Hard and endurable 
C. Hard but easily broken D. Rigid and inflexible 
Question 23: According to the passage, what condition is responsible for many of diseases of the old? 
A. The arteries have become thickened and constricted. B. The blood vessels lead from the 
heart. 
C. The brain gets smaller in size. D. Bones become lighter and brittle. 
Question 24: What is the main idea of the last paragraph? 
A. Gerontologists have controlled the process of aging. 
B. Gerontologists are working hard to help people live longer and more healthily 
C. Gerontologists are trying to give people an eternal life. 
D. Gerontologists are now able to slow down the process of aging. 
Question 25: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? 
A. All living things grow old. 
B. Aging is unavoidable in any living things. 
C. Plants show less signs of aging than any other living things. 
D. Most body parts wear out during the course of a lifetime. 
Question 26: What does the word “it” in line 2 refers to? 
A. aging B. a living thing C. an illness D. an 
accident 
Question 27: All of the following may be outward signs of aging EXCEPT ____ 
A. the graying of the hair B. the wrinkling of the skin 
C. the loss of appetite D. the decline in hearing and eyesight 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the 
correct answer to each of the question from 28 to 37. 
PANDEMIC DISEASES 
Diseases are a natural part of life on earth. If there were no diseases, the population would grow 
too quickly, and there would not be enough food or other resources, so in a way, diseases are natural ways 
of keeping the Earth in balance. But sometimes they spread very quickly and kill large numbers of people. 
For example, in 1918, an outbreak of the flu across the world, killing over 25 million people only in six 
months. Such terrible outbreaks of a diseases are called pandemics. 
Pandemics happen when a diseases changes in a way that our bodies are not prepared to fight. In 
1918, a new type of flu virus appeared. Our bodies had no way to fight this new flu virus, and so it spread 
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very quickly and killed large numbers of people. While there have been many different pandemic diseases 
throughout history, all of them have a new thing in common. 
First, all pandemics diseases spread from one person to another very easily 
Second, while they may kill many people, they generally do not kill people very quickly. A good 
example of this would be the Marburg virus. The Marburg virus is an extremely infectious disease. In 
addition, it is deadly. About 70%- 80% of all people who get the Marburg virus died from the diseases. 
However, the Marburg virus has not become a pandemic because most people die within three days of 
getting the diseases. This means that the virus does not have enough time to spread a large number of people. 
The flu virus of 1918, on the other hand, generally took about a week to ten day to kill its victims, so it had 
more time to spread. 
While we may never be able to completely stop pandemics, we can make them less common. 
Doctors carefully monitor new diseases that they fear could become pandemics. For example, in 2002, and 
2003, doctors carefully watched SARS. Their health warming may have prevented SARS from becoming a 
pandemic. 
Question 28: This passage is mainly about____. 
A. How to prevent pandemic diseases B. Pandemic diseases 
C. Pandemic diseases throughout history D. Why pandemics happen 
Question 29: According to paragraph1, how are diseases a natural part of life on Earth? 
A. They prevent pandemics B. The help control the population 
C. They led the world grow quickly D. They kill too many people 
Question 30: Based on the information in the passage the term “pandemics” can be explained as ____ 
A. Diseases with no cure 
B. A deadly kind of flu 
C. Diseases that spread quickly and kill large number of people 
D. New disease like SARS or the Marburg virus 
Question 31: According to the passage, what cause pandemics? 
A. Changes in a diseases that the body cannot fight 
B. Careless doctors who do not watch the spread of diseases 
C. Population growth that the world cannot support 
D. The failure to make new medicines 
Question 32: According to the passage, all of the following are true of the 1918 flu pandemic EXCEPT 
that____. 
A. It involved a new kind of flu virus B. It killed over 25 million people 
C. It was the last pandemic in history D. It took t little over a week to kill its victims 
Question 33: The word “it” in the passage refers to ____. 
A. Diseases B. Flu virus C. Pandemics D. Bodies 
Question 34: Which of the following is mentioned as a common feature of all pandemic diseases? 
A. They spread from people to people very B. It kills many people very quickly. 
C. They do not kill people very quickly D. They kill all the victims 
Question 35: According to paragraph 3, why hasn’t Marburg virus become a pandemic? 
A. It is not a deadly disease 
B. It does not spread from person to person easily 
C. Doctors have prevented it from becoming a pandemic 
D. It kills people too quickly 
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Question 36: The word “monitor” in the passage is closest in meaning to____. 
A. prevent B. fight C. watch D. avoid 
Question 37: The author mentions SARS in order to____. 
A. Give an example of a highly dangerous disease 
B. Suggest that SARS will never become a pandemic 
C. Give an example of the successful prevention of a pandemic 
D. Suggest that there may be a new pandemic soon 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSET in 
meaning to the bold and italicized part in each of the following questions. 
Question 38: He wasn’t able to manage with the stresses and strains of the job. 
A. cope B. succeed C. administer D. acquire 
Question 39: One of the grotesques had made a deep impression on his mind and he wanted to describe 
it. A. association B. influence C. disbelief D. 
perception 
Question 40: Advanced students need to be aware of the importance of collocation. 
A.Of great improvement B.of high position C.of hight level D.of great progress 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the 
following questions. 
Question 41: “Excuse me. Is this the math class?” - “_____” 
A. Yes, they are your math teachers. B. Yes, it is. And I’m your teacher. 
C. Not really, he’s the man over there D. No, he isn’t here 
Question 42: _____, they slept soundly. 
A. Hot though was the night air B. Hot though the night air was 
C. Hot the night air as was D. Hot although the nigh air was 
Question 43: I’m _____a complete loss to understand why you reacted so violently 
A. at B. in C. on D. by 
Question 44: She tried to_____. 
A. Talk me the plan out of B. Talk out of me the plan 
C. Talk me out of the plan D. Talk out me of the plan 
Question 45: Hardly _____the captain of the team when he had to face the promblems. 
A. did he appoint B. was he appoint 
C. had he been appointed D. was he being appointed 
Question 46: Dinosaurs _____believed _____out millions of years ago. 
A. are/to have died B. were/to have died C. are/to die D. were/to die 
Question 47: If Jim _____the plane, he _____here by now. 
A. Hadn’t missed/ would have been B. Didn’t miss/ would have been 
C. Hadn’t missed/ would be D. Hadn’t missed/ had been 
Question 48: On _____he had won the scholarship, he jumped for joy. 
A. telling B. being told C. he has told D. having told 
Question 49: “Would you say that English is a global language?”- “_____”. 
A. Yes, it has B. I like it C. I don’t understand the difference D. Oh, 
absolutely. 
Question 50: “I can’t thank you enough for your help.” -“_____”. 
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A. I’d rather not. B. My pleasure C. I don’t mind D. My 
goodness 
Question 51: Travel can_____the mind, and exchange visits give young people experience of a_____way 
of life as well as a different language. 
A. Broadly/different B. Broaden/different C. Broad/differently D. 
Broaden/differ 
Question 52: Scientists have discovered a close_____between smoking and several serious diseases. 
A. union B. connection C. action D. combination 
Question 53: He’s always trying _____me 
A. to avoid to meet B. avoiding meeting C. to avoid meeting D. avoiding to 
meet 
Question 54: After hours of bargaining with the salesman, Jake bought the jacket for a_____ of the 
original price. 
A. fraction B. piece C. part D. spot 
Question 55: Amelia Earhart ____history in1928 when she became the first woman to fly across the 
Atlantic 
A. fixed B. made C. prepared D. did 
Question 56: What a waste of money! What did you buy that_____? 
A. to B. for C. at D. about 
Question 57: The direction and the producer don’t see _____on certain aspects of production. 
A. Face to face B. Heart to heart C. Mind to mind D. Eye to eye 
Question 58: _____can be quite a good start for babies to get acquainted to reading. 
A. Reading in bed B. Reading on bed C. Bed reading D. Reading bed. 
Question 59: At this stage in the story it_____that my uncle was a man blessed with vivid imagination. 
A. Must be pointing out B. Must to be pointed out 
C. Must point out D. Must be pointed out 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the 
position of the main stress in each of the following questions. 
Question 60: A. individual B. similarity C. professionally D. opportunity 
Question 61: A. generous B. permissive C. permanent D. sensible 
Question 62: A. historical B. significant C. collaborate D. satisfaction 
Question 63: A .endure B .value C. divert D. exhaust 
Question 64: A. continental B. revolution C. alcoholic D. 
contemporary 
SECTION B: WRITING (2 points) 
I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that means the same as the sentence printed 
before it. 
Question 1: It isn’t necessary to finish the work today 
 You don’t ....................................................................................................................................... 
Question 2: Sally finally managed to get a job. 
Sally finally succeeded .................................................................................................................. 
Question 3: That’s the last time I go to that restaurant. 
 I certainly ....................................................................................................................................... 
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Question 4: “I advise you to take a holiday,” the doctor continued. 
 You’d ............................................................................................................................................. 
Question 5: “If you don’t rest yourself you ready will be ill. 
 “Unless............................................................................................................................................ 
II. Topic writing: 

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