Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2015 - Đề số 38 (Có đáp án)

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Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2015 - Đề số 38 (Có đáp án)
KỲ THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015
ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 38
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others
Question 1. 	A: practised	B: wasted	C: attacked	D: looked
Question 2. 	A: contain	B: feature	C: picture	D: culture
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3. 	A: overwhelming	B: intellectual	C: incredible	D : optimistic
Question 4. 	A: incidence	B: tendency	C: difference	D: importance
Question 5. 	A: bamboo	B: cactus	C: camel	D: hummock
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others
Question 6. Chaplin was a comedian __________ was best known for his work in silent movies.
A: who	B: which	C: whose	D: what
Question 7. I’m terrified __________ breaking down on a motorway at night.
A: from	B: with	C: for	D: of
Question 8. The pop star __________ when the lights __________.
A: was singing/went out	B: sang/were going out
C: was singing/were going out	D: sang/went out
Question 9. __________ to the school is by examination only.
A: admission	B: admissions	C: admit	D: admitted
Question 10. Scandinavia consists of four countries. One is Denmark, __________ are Finland, Norway and Sweden.
A: others	B: the other	C: the others	D: other
Question 11. I wish you __________ complaining about the weather.
A: would stop	B: stop	C: stopped	D: had stopped
Question 12. She got up early; otherwise she __________ her bus.
A: would miss	B: would have missed	C: had missed	D: missed
Question 13. There is nobody in __________ in this apartment for two years.
A: seeing	B: glance	C: glimpse	D: sight
Question 14. __________ he tried, his father didn’t let him run the company.
A: Although hard	B: No matter what	C: However hard	D: Whatever hard
Question 15. When I came to his house, I didn’t see him. He __________ .
A: can be away	B: may be out	
C: might have been away	D: must be absent
Question 16. To our surprise, the so-called cheap shop was __________ was expected.
A: as twice as expensive	B: expensive as twice as
C: twice as expensive as	D: as expensive as twice
Question 17. We bought some __________.
A: old lovely German glasses	B: German old lovely glasses
C: German lovely old glasses	D: lovely old German glasses
Question 18. “Congratulations on your new home! It’s wonderful” 
 “__________”
A: Thank you	B: You’re welcome
D: Really	C: It’s OK
Question 19. As well as __________ in an office he used to have a part-time as a waiter.
A: having worked	B: working	C: to have worked	D: to work
Question 20. __________ will China be the first to use nuclear weapons.
A: At any time	B: At no time	C: At a time	D: At one time
Question 21. “I'd like to change some money.” 	“__________”
A: Five tens, please	B: What's your account number?
C: Which currency?	D: You haven't signed it.
Question 22. She was __________ disappointed when she learned that she was turned down for the post.
A: gravely	B: bitterly	C: highly	D: fully
Question 23. I was just about __________ the office when the telephone rang.
A: to have left	B: leave	D: to leave	C: leaving
Question 24. “Thank you for your lovely dinner. You are an excellent cook.” 	“ __________”
A: I’m glad you like it. You must come again.
B: No, thanks. I’ll have to try more.
C: No. I’m not. My sister cooks better than me.
D: Yes, right. I often cook in my family.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 25. Joggers who begin running without warming up could sustain a muscle injury.
A: invite	B: suffer	C: irritate	D: anticipate
Question 26. American Indian cultures differ markedly from one another in language and in life-style.
A: by degrees	B: historically	C: regionally	D: significantly
Question 27. The province of British Columbia offers visitors breathtaking views of the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
A: stunning	B: intimate	C: distant	D: high altitude
Question 28: In the early days of baseball, the game was played by young men of means and social 
position.
A. with ambition 	B. with money 	C. with skill 	D. with equipment
Question 29: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps, it has taken brilliant thinkers to recognize their potential.
A. misunderstandings 	B. accidents 	C. misfortunes 	D. incidentals
Mark the letter A, B, C,or D to show the underlined part that needs correction.
Question 30: Whether life in the countryside is better than that in the city depend on each 
	 A	B	 C
individual’s point of view.
 D
Question 31: There are many different ways of comparing the economy of one nation 
	 A	B
with those of another.
	C	D
Question 32: Mining over 2,000 years ago , copper is one of the earliest known metals.
	A	 B	 C	D
Question 33: It is important that cancer is diagnosed and treated as early as possible in order to 
	 A B C 
assure a successful cure.
D
Question 34: The cars in garage were badly in need of to be repaired .
	 A B C D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks. 
Every ten minutes, one kind of animal, plant or insect dies (1) ________ for ever. If nothing is done about it, one million species that are alive today will have become (2) ________ twenty years from now. 
The seas are in (3) ________. They are being filled with poison: industrial and nuclear (4) ________, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, sewage. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead: the North Sea is following. If nothing is done about it, one day soon nothing will be able to live in the seas. 
The tropical rain forests, which are the (5) ________ of half the earth’s living things (including many rare animals and plants), are being destroyed. If nothing is done about it, they will have disappeared in twenty years. The (6) ________ on the world’s climate – and on our agriculture and food supplies – will be disastrous. 
Fortunately, somebody is trying to do something about it. In 1961, the World Wildlife Fund was (7) ________ – a small group of people who wanted to raise money to save animals and plants from extinction. 
Today, the World Wildlife Fund is a large international organization. It has raised over $35 million for conservation projects, and has created or given (8) ________ to National Parks in five continents. It has helped 30 mammals and birds – including the tiger – to (9) ________. Perhaps this is not much, but it is a start. If more people give more money – and if more governments wake up to what is happening – perhaps the World Wildlife Fund will be able to help us to avoid the disaster that (10) ________ the natural world, and all of us will be with it. 
Question 35: 	A. off	B. over	C. all	D. out
Question 36: 	A: extinct	B: invalid	C: distinct	D: extinguish
Question 37. 	A: danger	B: death	C: despair	D: debt
Question 38.	A: waste	B: essence	C: mixture	D: rubbish
Question 39.	A: home	B: origin	C: container	D: house
Question 40.	A: result	B: motivation	C: impression	D: effect
Question 41. 	A: fixed	B: funded	C: found	D: founded
Question 42. 	A: defence	B: support	C: rescue	D: preservation
Question 43. 	A: survive	B: endure	C: prolong	D: continue
Question 44. 	A: occurs	B: pollutes	C: suffers	D: threatens
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. 
Swine influenza (also called swine flu, hog flu and pig flu) is an infection of a host animal by any one of several specific types of microscopic organisms called “swine influenza virus”. A swine influenza virus (SIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is usually hosted by (is endemic in) pigs. As of 2009, the known SIV strains are the influenza C virus and the subtypes of the influenza A virus known as H1N1, H1N2, H3N1, H3N2 and H2N3. Swine influenza is common in pigs in the mid-western United States (and occasionally in other states), Mexico, Canada, South America, Europe (including the UK, Sweden and Italy), Kenya, Mainland China, Taiwan, Japan and other parts of eastern Asia. 
Transmission of swine influenza virus from pigs to humans is not common and does not always cause human influenza, often only resulting in the production of antibodies in the blood. The meat of the animal poses no risk of transmitting the virus when properly cooked. If transmission does cause human influenza, it is called zoonotic swine flu. People who work with pigs, especially people with intense exposures, are at increased risk of catching swine flu. In the mid-20th century, identification of influenza subtypes became possible, this allows accurate diagnosis of transmission to humans. Since then, fifty confirmed transmissions have been recorded, rarely, these strains of swine flu can pass from human to human. In humans, the symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of influenza and of influenza-like illness in general, namely chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness and general discomfort. 
The 2009 flu outbreak in humans, known as “swine flu’, is due to a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1 that contains genes closely related to swine influenza. The origin of this new strain is unknown. However, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) reports that this strain has not been isolated in pigs. This strain can be transmitted from human to human, and causes the normal symptoms of influenza.
Question 45. What is the main topic of the passage?
A: How swine influenza virus is transmitted to humans
B: Areas of the world which are affected by swine flu
C: The 2009 flu outbreak
D: The characteristics of swine flu
Question 46. A swine influenza virus is ________.
A: of influenza A virus only	B: always hosted by pigs
C: a strain of the flu family of viruses	D: hosted by a microscopic organism
Question 47. Where is the swine influenza not common?
A: France	B: Mexico	C: South America	D: Eastern Asia
Question 48. Which statement is NOT supported by the passage?
A: Swine influenza is not commonly transmitted from pigs to humans.
B: When properly cooked, pork cannot transmit the swine influenza virus
C: Any person who works with pigs can catch swine influenza
D: Transmission of swine influenza virus can produce antibodies in the blood.
Question 49. What is the purpose of the author?
A: to criticize	B: to alarm	C: to inform	D: to confirm
Question 50. What does the word “poses” mean?
A: transmits	B: causes	C: prevents	D: takes
Question 51. What can be concluded from the passage?
A: Now we can have more accurate diagnosis of flu transmission to humans.
B: Zoonotic swine flu is transmitted from pigs to pigs.
C: Swine flu symptoms are different from other kinds of influenzas.
D: Those who have swine flu have only fever, sore throat and coughing.
Question 52. What is NOT true about the 2009 flu outbreak?
A: It is definitely caused by pigs
B: It is caused by influenza A virus type A
C: It is often known as “swine flu”
D: It can be transmitted from humans to humans
Question 53. The word “strain” can be replaced by ________.
A: group	B: variant	C: characteristic	D: breed
Question 54. The word “intense” is closest in meaning to ________.
A: considerable	B: increased	C: extreme	D: regular
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. 
A survey is a study, generally in the form of an interview or a questionnaire that provides information concerning how people think and act. In the United States, the best-known surveys are the Gallup poll and the Harris poll. As anyone who watches the news during campaigns presidential knows, these polls have become an important part of political life in the United States. 
North Americans are familiar with the many “person on the street” interviews on local television news shows. While such interviews can be highly entertaining, they are not necessarily an accurate indication of public opinion. First, they reflect the opinions of only those people who appear at a certain location. Thus, such examples can be biased in favor of commuters, middle-class shoppers, or factory workers, depending on which area the news people select. Second, television interviews tend to attract outgoing people who are willing to appear on the air, while they frighten away others who may feel intimidated by a camera. A survey must be based on a precise, representative sampling if it is to genuinely reflect a broad range of the population. 
In preparing to conduct a survey, sociologists must exercise great care in the wording of questions. An effective survey question must be simple and clear enough for people to understand it. It must also be specific enough so that there are no problems in interpreting the results. Even questions that are less structured must be carefully phrased in order to elicit the type of information desired. Surveys can be indispensable sources of information, but only if the sampling is done properly and the questions are worded accurately. 
There are two main forms of surveys: the interview and the questionnaire. Each of these forms of survey research has its advantages. An interviewer can obtain a high response rate because people find it more difficult to turn down a personal request for an interview than to throw away a written questionnaire. In addition, an interviewer can go beyond written questions and probe for a subject’s underlying feelings and reasons. However, questionnaires have the advantage of being cheaper and more consistent. 
Question 55. The writer of this passage is trying to ________.
A: emphasize the importance of polls in American political life
B: explain the principles of carrying out surveys
C: discuss the good and bad of the interview and the questionnaire
D: explain what surveys are
Question 56. In paragraph 2, “they” refers to ________.
A: opinions	B: news shows	C: outgoing people	D: TV interviews
Question 57. According to the passage, one disadvantage of person-on-the-street interviews is that they ________.
A: are not carefully worded
B: are not based on a representative sampling
C: reflect political opinions
D: are used only on television
Question 58. The word “intimidated” in paragraph 2 means
A: Shy	B: confident	C: rational	D: frightened
Question 59. According to paragraph 3, two important things for an effective survey are ________.
A: Properly done samplings and carefully worded questions
B: Specific questions and an interviewer’s ability to measure respondents’ feelings
C: Simple questions and a high number of respondents
D: Understandable questions and a sociogist who is able to interpret the results
Question 60. As can be inferred from the passage, sociologists can be frustrated when ________.
A: questionnaires are too difficult to read
B: respondents are too eager to supplement questions with their own opinions
C: respondents often do not complete and return questionnaires
D: questionnaire are too expensive and difficult to distribute
Question 61. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
A: live interviews minimize the influence of the researcher
B: live interviews are easier to interpret
C: live interviews are better than questionnaires
D: both questionnaires and live interviews have their own advantages and disadvantages
Question 62. The word “probe” in paragraph4 is closest in meaning to __________.
A: apply	B: influence	C: analyze	D: explore
Question 63. All of the following terms are NOT defined in the passage EXCEPT __________.
A: public opinion	B: survey	
C: response rate	D: representative sampling
Question 64. All of the following are listed as advantage of questionnaires EXCEPT __________.
A: information-providing	B: time-saving
C: cost-saving	D: consistency
WRITING
PART I: Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.
1.The film star wore dark glasses so that no one would recognize him. 
àThe film star avoided .
2. I am amazed by the mistakes he makes. 
àWhat .
3. We weren’t surprised by his success. 
à It came 
4. “That’s a lovely new dress, Jean” said her mother. 
à Jean’s mother complimented 
5. We couldn’t relax until all the guests had gone home. 
à Only 
PART II: TOPIC: Write a letter of request to UCAS to ask for information about the admission requirements to the university.
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---- The end ----
GIẢI THÍCH ĐÁP ÁN
KỲ THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015
ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 38
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others
Question 1. 	A: practised	B: wasted	C: attacked	D: looked
Đáp án : wasted /weɪtɪd/ Cĩ phần gạch chân được phát âm là /ɪd/. Các phương án cịn lại cĩ phần gạch chân được phát âm là /t/. 
attacked /ə’tỉkt/ 	looked /lʊkt/ 	practised /’prỉktɪst/ 
Question 2. 	A: contain	B: feature	C: picture	D: culture
Đáp án: contain/kən’teɪn/ Cĩ phần gạch chân được phát âm là /t/. Các phương án cịn lại cĩ phần gạch chân được phát âm là /tʃ /. 
culture/’kʌltʃə/ 	feature/’fi:tʃə/ 	picture/’pɪktʃə/ 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3. 	A: overwhelming	B: intellectual	C: incredible	D : optimistic
Đáp án : incredible/ɪn’kredəbl/ Trọng âm chính rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Các phương án cịn lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ ba. 
optimistic/,ɒptɪ’mɪstɪk/ 	overwhelming/, əʊvə’welmɪŋ/ 	intellectual/,ɪntə’lektʃʊəl/ 
Question 4. 	A: incidence	B: tendency	C: difference	D: importance
Key: D 	A: ‘incidence	B: ‘tendency	C: ‘difference	D: im’portance
Question 5. 	A: bamboo	B: cactus	C: camel	D: hummock
Đáp án : bamboo/,bỉm’bu:/ Trọng âm chính rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Các phương án cịn lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ nhất. 
cactus/’kỉktəs/ 	camel/’kỉml/ 	hummock/’hʌmək/ 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others
Question 6. Chaplin was a comedian __________ was best known for his work in silent movies.
A: who	B: which	C: whose	D: what
Đáp án : who 
Ở vị trí cần điền cần 1 đại từ quan hệ chỉ người đĩng vai trị là chủ ngữ trong mệnh đề quan hệ. 
Nghĩa của câu: Chaplin là một danh hài nổi tiếng với các tác phẩm kịch câm. 
Question 7. I’m terrified __________ breaking down on a motorway at night.
A: from	B: with	C: for	D: of
Đáp án: terrified of: sợ hãi. 
Nghĩa của câu: Tơi sợ xe chết máy trên đường cao tốc vào giữa đêm. 
Question 8. The pop star __________ when the lights __________.
A: was singing/went out	B: sang/were going out
C: was singing/were going out	D: sang/went out
Đáp án: was singing/went out 
Câu được cho diễn tả 2 hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ. Hành động đang xảy ra (was singing):dùng thì quá khứ tiếp diễn, thì 1 hành động khác cắt ngang (went out): dùng thì quá khứ đơn. 
Nghĩa của câu: Ngơi sao nhạc pop đang hát thì đèn tắt. 
Question 9. __________ to the school is by examination only.
A: admission	B: admissions	C: admit	D: admitted
Đáp án : admission to: việc được nhận vào. 
Nghĩa của câu: Việc được vào học ở trường phải thơng qua thi cử. 
Question 10. Scandinavia consists of four countries. One is Denmark, __________ are Finland, Norway and Sweden.
A: others	B: the other	C: the others	D: other
Đáp án : the others 
Others: những cái khác chưa xác định. The others: những cái khác đã xác định. Cả hai đều được sử dụng như 1 danh từ. 
Ở vị trí cần điền cần 1 danh từ số nhiều đĩng vai trị là chủ ngữ nên các phương án ‘the other’ và ‘ other’loại. Ở đây ta chọn phương án ‘the others’ vì 4 nước đã 

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