Đề thi học sinh giỏi môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 - Mã đề 486 - Năm học 2015-2016 - Sở GD & ĐT Thái Bình

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Đề thi học sinh giỏi môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 - Mã đề 486 - Năm học 2015-2016 - Sở GD & ĐT Thái Bình
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút, không kể thời gian giao đề.
(Đề gồm 05 trang; Thí sinh làm phần trắc nghiệm vào Phiếu TLTN, Thí sinh làm phần viết vào giấy thi)
Mã đề: 486
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1: 	A. admiral	B. adventure	C. advocate	D. advent
Question 2: 	A. wickedly	B. allegedly	C. supposedly	D. confusedly
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: 	A. fundamental	B. dilapidated	C. extravagant	D. distinctively
Question 4: 	A. dental	B. rental	C. sandals	D. canal
Question 5: 	A. necessary	B. elaborate	C. mysterious	D. original
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 6: Lan: “Well, cats are very good at catching mice around the house.” 
 Mai: “______”
A. You are welcome.	B. You can say that again.
C. Mind your words.	D. Nothing more to say.
Question 7: My father gave me ______ as a birthday present on my birthday.
A. a useful digital alarm clock	B. an alarm useful digital clock
C. a useful alarm digital clock	D. a digital useful alarm clock
Question 8: Pam broke her arm in the accident. It would have been much worse if she ______her seat belt at that time.
A. hadn’t been for	B. hadn’t been wearing	C. hadn’t worn	D. had been wearing
Question 9: It is a serious operation for a woman as old as my grandmother. She's very frail. I hope she______.
A. pulls through	B. gets away	C. puts through	D. comes round
Question 10: That he came up with all the ideas ______ a miracle to us.
A. were	B. have been	C. was	D. to be
Question 11: I don't suppose anyone will volunteer, ______?
A. do I	B. will they	C. won’t they	D. does he
Question 12: Ann: “Where’s Polly?” 	John: “She is in her room ______.”
A. studying	B. is studying	C. studies	D. has studied
Question 13: Tim looks so frightened and upset. He ______ something terrible.
A. must experience	B. can have experienced
C. must have experienced	D. should have experienced
Question 14: ______, the catfish is prized for its state.
A. As looking ugly	B. Ugly looking as it is	C. As it is looking ugly	D. With ugly look
Question 15: Having opened the bottle, ______ for everyone.
A. the drink was being poured	B. the drink was poured
C. Mike poured the drink	D. Mike pouring the drink
Question 16: The knee is _______ most other joints in the body because it cannot twist without injury.
A. more likely to be damaged than	B. likely to be more than damaged
C. to be damaged more than likely	D. more than likely to be damaged
Question 17: I called Jenny yesterday with a view ______ asking her about the project.
A. for	B. in	C. to	D. of
Question 18: Studies have shown that the elderly who are pet owners have lower blood pressure than ______ who live without pets.
A. for the elderly to do	B. to the elderly	C. do the elderly	D. elderly
Question 19: Most whole milk undergoes homogenization, ______hot milk is pumped through valves to break up and permanently disperse the fat globules.
A. which is a process	B. which process	C. a process in which	D. a process
Question 20: ______Everglades is a large, low, wet region in the southern part of the US state of Florida.
A. The	B. θ	C. An	D. Some
Question 21: He said there was nothing that happened, but I began to _____ when he kept beating about the bush.
A. get cold feet	B. smell a rat	C. keep an eye on	D. be off my head
Question 22: It is possible ______ may assist some trees in saving water in the winter.
A. to lose leaves	B. the leaves are lost	C. when leaves have lost	D. that the loss of leaves
Question 23: He considers shares to be a good long- ______ investment.
A. age	B. term	C. time	D. length
Question 24: He became a millionaire by ______ of hard work and a considerable amount of luck.
A. dint	B. process	C. cause	D. effect
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underline part that needs correcting.
Question 25: Ducks are less susceptible to infection than another types of poultry.
A. than	B. less	C. to	D. another
Question 26: Televisions are now an every day feature of most households in the United States, and television viewing is the number one leisure activity.
A. leisure activity	B. television viewing	C. most households	D. an every day feature
Question 27: The Concord can fly across the Atlantic without re-fueling and carrying 11 tons of freight.
A. across	B. freight	C. carrying	D. The
Question 28: Fiorello La Guadian made a speech to the United Nations Relief Administration, which he was the director, stating that Europe experienced prosperity after the World War II.
A. stating	B. made	C. he	D. which
Question 29: During our tour of the refinery, it was seen that both propane and gasoline were produced in large volumes.
A. in large volumes	B. the refinery	C. and	D. it was seen
Choose the word or phrase CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following sentences.
Question 30: Crime rates tend to fluctuate with the seasons, with much higher rates in the winter than in the summer.
A. stay the same	B. decrease	C. accelerate	D. go up and down
Question 31: I’d rather staying in a hotel with all the amenities than camp in the woods.
A. privileges	B. conveniences	C. expense	D. honors
Question 32: Throughout history, the prevalent authority pattern in families has been patriarchy, in which males are in control.
A. dominant	B. uncommon	C. strange	D. extraordinary
Choose the word or phrase OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following sentences.
Question 33: Affluent families find it easier to support their children financially.
A. wealthy	B. prosperous	C. impoverished	D. well-off
Question 34: There has been no discernible improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned.
A. obvious	B. clear	C. significant	D. thin
Read the following passage taken from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary 8th, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 35 to 44.
The British are very fond of sport, but many people prefer to watch ___(35)___ take part. Many go to watch football, cricket, etc. at the ground, but many more sit at home and watch sport on television. Most people today take relatively___(36)___. Over the last 30 or 40 years lifestyles have changed considerably and many people now travel even the shortest distances by car or bus. ___(37)___ exercise combined with eating too many ___(38)___ and sugary foods has meant that many people are becoming too fat. In recent years, however, there has been a ___(39)___ interest in fitness among young adults and many belong to a sports club or gym. In Britain most towns have an/a ___(40)___ football and cricket team, and people also have opportunities to play sports such as tennis and golf. Older people may play bowls. Some people go regularly to a sports center or leisure center. Some sports centers ___(41)___ classes in aerobics, step and keep-fit. Some people ___(42)___ regularly at a local gym and do weight training and circuit training. Others go running or jogging in their local area. For enthusiastic runners there are opportunities to take part in ___(43)___ runs, such as the London marathon. Other people keep themselves fit by walking or cycling. Many people go abroad on a skiing holiday each year. Membership of a sports club or gym can be expensive and not everyone can afford the subscription. Local sports centers are generally cheaper. Some companies now provide sports facilities ___(44)___ their employees or contribute to the cost of joining a gym.
Question 35: 	A. except for	B. than	C. rather than	D. to
Question 36: 	A. few general exercises	B. a little general exercise
	C. little general exercise	D. a few general exercises
Question 37: 	A. The lack	B. Lack of	C. Lack	D. The lack of
Question 38: 	A. fatty	B. richly	C. rich	D. fat
Question 39: 	A. planting	B. growing	C. developing	D. becoming
Question 40: 	A. professional	B. competent	C. amateur	D. well-known
Question 41: 	A. pass	B. propose	C. grow	D. arrange
Question 42: 	A. find out	B. work out	C. full in	D. cough up
Question 43: 	A. distance away	B. long-distance	C. short-distance	D. full distance
Question 44: 	A. about	B. with	C. to	D. for
Read the following passage taken from Baron’s The Leader In Test Preparation TOEFL iBT and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 54.
Tulips are Old World, rather than New World, plants, with the origins of the species lying in Central Asia. They became an integral part of the gardens of the Ottoman Empire from the sixteenth century onward, and, soon after, part of European life as well. Holland, in particular, became famous for its cultivation of the flower.
A tenuous line marked the advance of the tulip to the New World, where it was unknown in the wild. The first Dutch colonies in North America had been established in New Netherlands by the Dutch West India Company in 1624, and one individual who settled in New Amsterdam (today's Manhattan section of New York City) in 1642 described the flowers that bravely colonized the settlers' gardens. They were the same flowers seen in Dutch still-life paintings of the time: crown imperials, roses, carnations, and of course tulips. They flourished in Pennsylvania too, where in 1698 William Penn received a report of John Tateham's "Great and Stately Palace”, its garden full of tulips.
By 1760, Boston newspapers were advertising 50 different kinds of mixed tulip "roots”. But the length of the journey between Europe and North America created many difficulties. Thomas Hancock, an English settler, wrote thanking his plant supplier for a gift of some tulip bulbs from England, but his letter the following year grumbled that they were all dead.
Tulips arrived in Holland, Michigan, with a later wave of early nineteenth-century Dutch immigrants who quickly colonized the plains of Michigan. Together with many other Dutch settlements, such as the one at Pella, Iowa, they established a regular demand for European plants. The demand was bravely met by a new kind of tulip entrepreneur, the traveling salesperson. One Dutchman, Hendrick Van Der Schoot, spent six months in 1849 traveling through the United States taking orders for tulip bulbs. While tulip bulbs were traveling from Europe to the United States to satisfy the nostalgic longings of homesick English and Dutch settlers, North American plants were traveling in the opposite direction. In England, the enthusiasm for American plants was one reason why tulips dropped out of fashion in the gardens of the rich and famous.
Question 45: Which of the following questions does the passage mainly answer?
A. How did tulips become popular in North America?
B. Why are tulips grown in many different parts of the world?
C. What is the difference between an Old World and a New World plant?
D. Where were the first Dutch colonies in North America located?
Question 46: The word "integral" in line 2 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. fundamental	B. ornamental	C. overlooked	D. interesting
Question 47: The passage mentions that tulips were first found in which of the following regions?
A. India	B. Western Europe	C. Central Asia	D. North America
Question 48: The word "flourished" in line 8 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. were discovered	B. were marketed	C. combined	D. thrived
Question 49: The author mentions tulip growing in New Netherland, Pennsylvania and Michigan in order to illustrate how ______.
A. imported tulips were considered more valuable than locally grown tulips
B. tulips grew progressively more popular in North America
C. attitudes toward tulips varied from one location to another
D. tulips were commonly passed as gifts from one family to another
Question 50: The word "grumbled" in line 13 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. complained	B. explained	C. warned	D. denied
Question 51: The passage mentions that one reason English and Dutch settlers planted tulips in their gardens was that tulips ______.
A. had become readily available	B. made them appear fashionable
C. were easy to grow	D. reminded them of home
Question 52: The word "they" in line 17 refers to ______.
A. immigrants	B. plants	C. plains	D. tulips
Question 53: According to the passage, which of the following changes occurred in English gardens during the European settlement of North America?
A. They decreased in size on the estates of wealthy people.
B. They grew in size in order to provide enough plants to export to the New World.
C. They contained many new types of North American plants.
D. They contained a wider variety of tulips than ever before.
Question 54: The passage mentions which of the following as a problem associated with the importation of tulips into North America?
A. They were no longer fashionable by the time they arrived.
B. They often failed to survive the journey.
C. Settlers knew little about how to cultivate them.
D. Orders often took six months or longer to fill.
Read the following passage taken from Baron’s How to prepare for the TOEFL and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.
According to the controversial sunspot theory, great storms on the surface of the sun hurl streams of solar particles into the atmosphere, causing a shift in the weather on earth.
A typical sunspot consists of a dark center umbra surrounded by a lighter penumbra of light and dark threads extending out from the center like a spoke a wheel. Actually the sunspots are cooler than the rest of the photosphere, which may account for their color. Typically, the temperature in a sunspot umbra is about 4000 K.
Sunspots range in size from tiny granules to complex structures with areas stretching for billions of square miles. About 5% of the pots are large enough so that they can be seen without instruments: consequently, observations of sunspots have been recorded for several thousand years.
Sunspots have been observed in arrangements of one to more than one hundred spots, but they tend to occur in pairs. There is also a marked tendency for the two spots of a pair to have opposite magnetic field associated with any given sunspots is closely related to the spot’s size.
Although there is no theory that completely explains the nature and function of sunspots, several models attempt to relate the phenomenon to magnetic fields along the lines of longitude from the north and south poles of the sun.
Question 55: What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
A. To describe the nature of sunspots
B. To compare the umbra and the penumbra
C. To argue for the existence of magnetic fields in sunspots
D. To propose a theory to explain sunspots
Question 56: The word controversial in line 1 is closest to ______.
A. widely accepted	B. very complicated	C. just in traduce	D. open to debate
Question 57: Solar particles are hurled into space by ______.
A. changes the earth’s atmosphere	B. underdetermined causes
C. disturbances of wind	D. small rivers on the surface of the sun
Question 58: The word particles in line 2 refers to ______.
A. gas explosions in the atmosphere	B. light ray from the sun
C. small pieces	D. liquid streams on the sun
Question 59: How can we describe matter from the sun that enters the earth’s atmosphere?
A. Very hard	B. Very bright	C. Very hot	D. Very small
Question 60: The sunspot theory is ______.
A. relatively new	B. subject to disagreement
C. not considered important	D. widely accepted
Question 61: The word they in line 7 refers to ______.
A. Structures	B. granules	C. miles	D. pots
Question 62: The word consequently in line 7 could best be replaced by ______.
A. Nevertheless	B. Without doubt	C. In this way	D. As a result
Question 63: In which configuration do sunspots usually occur?
A. In arrangements of one hundred or more spots	B. In a configuration of two spots
C. In groups of several thousand spots	D. In one spot of varying size
Question 64: How are sunspots explained?
A. Sunspots may be related to magnetic fields that follow longitudinal lines on the sun.
B. Sunspots appear to be related to magnetic fields on the earth.
C. Sunspots are explained by storms that occur on the earth.
D. Sunspots have no theory or model to explain them.
Part I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. 
Question 65. I rarely sleep in the afternoon.
I’m not in 
Question 66. My grandfather had completely forgotten that he phoned me last night.
My grandfather didn’t have 
Question 67. My brother-in-law is the most exasperating person I’ve ever met.
I’ve yet ......................
Question 68. Tim spoke to his lawyer before signing the contract.
Tim didn’t ...
Question 69. His love increases with his admiration for her.
The more 
Part II. Students should have freedom to choose their own subjects in the National examination for Upper Secondary Education. Do you agree or disagree? Write a paragraph of about 140 words to support your answer. 
_____ THE END_____

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