Bài tập thực hành Unit 8 - Sách Mai Lan Hương Lớp 12

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Bài tập thực hành Unit 8 - Sách Mai Lan Hương Lớp 12
Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
a. different 	b. terrorist 	c. contrary 	d. domestic
a. future 	b. burden 	c. device 	d. certain
a. development 	b. security 	c. pessimistic 	d. particular
a. threaten 	b. appear 	c. modern 	d. instance
a. experience 	b. technology 	c. environment 	d. optimistic
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
Many teenagers show signs of anxiety and _______ when being asked about their future.
a. depress 	b. depression 	c. depressing 	d. depressed
Constant _______ of attack makes everyday life dangerous here.
a. threat 	b. threaten 	c. threatening 	 d. threateningly
No one can predict the future exactly. Things may happen _______.
a. expected 	b. unexpected 	c. expectedly 	 d. unexpectedly
Someone who is _______ is hopeful about the future or the success of something in particular.
a. powerful 	b. optimistic 	c. stagnant 	d. pessimistic
There will be powerful network of computers which may come from a single computing _______ that is worn on or in the body.
a. device 	b. machinery 	c. equipment 	d. vehicle
A _______ is a spacecraft that is designed to travel into space and back to earth several times.
a. plane 	b. corporation 	c. telecommunication 	d. shuttle
An economic _______ is a time when there is very little economic activity, which causes a lot of unemployment and poverty.
a. improvement 	b. depression 	c. development 	d. mission
In the future many large corporations will be wiped out and millions of jobs will be lost.
a. companies 	b. services 	c. supermarkets 	d. farms
The more powerful weapons are, the more terrible the _______ is.
a. creativity 	b. history 	c. terrorism 	d. technology
The medical community continues to make progress in the fight against cancer.
a. speed 	b. expectation 	c. improvement 	d. treatment
Let's put off that meeting to next Monday.
a. postpone 	b. schedule 	c. arrange 	d. appoint
A nuclear station may take risk going off due to unexpected incidents.
a. demolishing 	b. exploding	c. developing 	d. running
She is looking _______ a new place to live because she does not want to depend _______ her parents any more. 
a. for / on 	b. after / with 	c. up / forward 	d. at / into
I was brought _______ in the countryside by my aunt after my parents had pass _______.
a. on / over 	b. for / on 	c. on / off 	d. up / away
Due to industrialization, we have to cope _______ the fact that many species are _______ danger _______ extinction.
a. over / at / for 	b. at / upon / over 	c. for / on / with d. with / in / of
Boys! Put your toys ______. It is time to go to bed. Don't stay _____ late.
a. off / on 	b. away / up 	c. down / off 	 	d. around/ for
She intended to quit her job to stay _______ home and look _______ her sick mother.
a. in / at 	b. at / after 	c. for / over 	d. up / on
He is very worried _______ his new job because he is not quite prepared _______ working.
a. on / over 	b. to / off 	c. about / for 	d. in / at
Instead _____ petrol, cars will only run ____ solar energy and electricity.
a. of / on 	b. for / by 	c. in / over 	d. from/ upon
She has a promising future ahead _______ her.
a. for 	b. from 	c. on 	d. of
What are your plans for _______ future?
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
Up to now, _______ space exploring still remains _______ very risky, complex, and expensive endeavor.
a. the / the 	b. a / the 	c. a / Ø 	d. Ø / a
Within _______ few years, _______ private space travel has gone from concept to reality.
a. Ø / an 	b. the / the 	c. the / a 	d. a / Ø
With its long days, lack of _______ atmosphere, and wide-open spaces, _______ moon would also make an ideal place to put massive solar power plants.
a. Ø / a 	b. an / the 	c. the / a 	d. an / Ø
_______technology is already present in the form of computers, printers, scanners, handheld devices, wireless technologies, and Internet connections.
a. A 	b. An 	c. The 	d. Ø
Error Identification
Future is a time when most people assume that everything will keep 
 A B 
getting better and future generations will enjoy life in a more better world. 
 C D 
Many optimist people have made predictions about the positive 
 A B C
impact of the increasing mechanization on human life.
Imagine an entirely wireless world where the Net is "always on, always
 A B
there", we live in endless sea of data, and objects are alive with intelligent. 
 C D
Electricity is the most critical energy for the future of many countries and
cheap, plentiful electricity is associated for high employment and 
 B C D
Our continuously economic growth, the maintenance of our quality of 
life and assurance of our security all depend on a abundant, affordable 
 B C D 
supply of electricity.
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
In the future, genetic engineering will allow us to create the perfect human. It will be hard to get used to. Parents will order a baby who 'will grow up to become his new job because he is not quite prepared a genius or to have a Miss World appearance. Also, genetic engineering will allow us to mix plants and animals.
As computers have advanced, they have helped us remember, calculate, organize, and clarify. So it will become easier to deal with things, and much quicker. At a point in a future time, some may claim that computers become about as smart as Newton or Einstein. More advanced computers will be able to be creative, respond to feelings in a feeling way, develop intuition, recognize patterns, and suggest innovative alternatives. There is a hope if we choose to take action. We can select Internet information wisely, choose healthy computer games, limit our exposure to television commercials, and select television programs carefully. People will be aware of the importance of keeping active, getting outside to do more physical activities. We will also plan to make a major sacrifice the next time we buy a car, take the bus. Everybody will be more concerned about making environmentally friendly choices, eating healthy, and helping build a healthier society by shopping at better stores that sell better food.
Most people will be aware that a happy, loving family is a joy to be part of, and that it is a necessary foundation for building a strong society. But it is extremely important for our future that we maintain a healthy perspective. We need to value and appreciate the importance of what can be achieved by loving and committed parents. People need a strong foundation, so it is vital for our society that we encourage parents to work at creating love, joy, and happiness for their children in a .decent, stable, and productive atmosphere.
How many aspects of life in the future are referred in the text?
a. One 	b. Two 	c. Three 	d. Four
Which aspect is not referred in the text?
a. Education 	b. Genetic Engineering
c. Computers 	d. Family
The phrase to have a Miss World appearance means that _______.
a. to become a Miss World 	b. to enter a beauty contest
c. to be intelligent 	d. to be beautiful
According to the text, in the future, _______.
a. it will be difficult for us to select Internet information
b. people will prefer taking a bus to buying a car
c. food will not be sold at shops
d. TV viewers will not be able to escape from seeing a lot of advertising.
The last paragraph is about _______.
a. family and parents' responsibility in the future
b. children's education
c. children's health
d. how to build a strong society
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Over the next 20 to 50 years, it will become harder to tell the (41) _____ between the human and the machine. All, body (42) _____ will be replaceable. Computers will function like the human (43) _____ with the ability to recognize feelings and respond in a feeling way. They will then produce fake people. We will then be able to create a machine duplicate of ourselves (44) _____ we will appear to be alive long after we are dead. Maybe a few decades later, a way will be found to transfer our spirit, including our (45) _____ and thoughts, to the new body. Then we can choose to live for as (46) _____ as we want. It might be expensive. When it becomes possible to do a spirit transfer, they will figure out (47) _____ to do them automatically. So we will be able to reside within whichever duplicate we want, whenever we want. 
Miniature robots will be built to travel through your blood (48) _____ and repair damage. Also, larger robots will be used when you are sick. When you have an upset stomach, you will (49) _____ a very small cherry tasting robot which will travel through your stomach taking video of the mess. It will be set up like a video game, so you can control the exploring and the selection of images. Then you can replay the video to help a doctor (50) _____ your illness, or to prove to your employer that you really, were sick. 
a. variety 	b. change 	c. difference 	 d. appearance
a. region 	b. place 	c. role 	d. parts
a. brain 	b. limb 	c. skull 	d. liver
a. such 	b. as 	c. so 	d. but
a. experience 	b. memories 	c. actions 	d. health
a. long 	b. far 	c. much 	d. soon
a. what 	b. when 	c. why	 	d. how
a. line 	b. creek 	c. stream 	d. river
a. swallow 	b. chew 	c. vomit 	d. drink
a. notice 	b. diagnose 	c. watch 	d. observe
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.
a. future 	b. mature 	c. pasture 	d. nature
a. chore 	b. technology 	c. much 	d. exchange
a. threaten 	b. earth 	c. healthy 	d. breathe
a. wipe 	b. allow 	c. powerful 	d. answer
a. service 	b. practice 	c. office 	d. device
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
In the future, the number of tiny but _______ computers you encounter every day will number in the thousands, perhaps millions. 
a. power 	b. powerful 	c. powerfully 	d. powered
Advances in computing _______, from processing speed to network capacity and the internet, have revolutionized the way scientists work.
a. technology 	b. technological 	c. technologically 	d. technologist
What will the relationship between computing and _______ bring us over the next 15 years?
a. science 	b. scientific 	c. scientifically 	d. scientist
Someone who is _______ thinks that bad things are going to happen.
a. optimistic 	b. pessimistic 	c. threatened 	d. hopeful
Domestic chores will no longer be a burden thanks to the inventions of laborsaving devices. 
a. Official 	b. Household 	c. Schooling 	d. Foreign
_______ is the technology of sending signals and messages over long distances using electronic equipment, for example by radio and telephone.
a. Telecommunication 	b. Telegraph 
c. Multifunction 	d. Information technology
Peter was asked to _______ to a newspaper article making predictions for technological progress in 10 years.
a. expect 	b. invent 	c. develop 	d. contribute
Strict ___ measures are in force in the capital to protect it from terrorism.
a. scientific 	b. normal 	c. transportation 	d. security
The ______ of the future will no longer be remedial. It will be preventive.
a. communication 	b. education 	c. medicine 	d. technology
Doctors and pharmacists have to assume _______ for human life.
a. responsibility 	b. achievement 	c. optimism 	d. aspect
If you have ever watched television, you have seen plenty ___ drug ads.
a. with 	b. of 	c. for 	d. about
The space shuttle crashed and went _______ in flames.
a. of 	b. for 	c. over 	d. off
Elevators in tall building make the top floors accessible _____ everybody
a. to 	b. with 	c. about 	d. at
While I am waiting _______ my bus, I often listen _______ music.
a. on / at 	b. for / to 	c. toward / about 	d. upon / in
Those spacecrafts are used ______ taking photographs _______ space.
a. about / through 	b. for fin 	c. of / at 	d. in / off
Will you take care _______ my little dog when I am _______ business?
a. through / away 	b. about / at 	c. for / over 	d. of / on
According _______ Bill, there's something wrong _______ my computer.
a. after / for 	b. on / about 	c. to / with 	d. upon / at
He depends _______ his sister _______ assistance.
a. to / from 	b. from / in 	c. on / for 	d. at / with
By 2015, it will be widely accepted that schools and pre-schools have _______ extremely important role to play in future of our world.
a. an / a 	b. an / the 	c. the / the 	d. Ø / Ø
On _______ Internet and with cable television w e can select information from _______ wide variety of sources.
a. the / a 	b. an / the 	c. the / Ø 	d. Ø / the 
There is one _______ thing we can be sure: _______ energy will be more challenging and more important in the future.
a. the / Ø 	b. the / an 	c. a / the 	d. Ø / Ø
_______ Europe and Asia are coming to rely more and more on ______ nuclear generation.
a. An / a 	b. Ø / Ø 	c. The / the 	d. The / a
He usually travels to _______ Philadelphia by _______ train.
a. Ø / Ø 	b. the / a 	c. the / the 	d. Ø / a
You frequently see this kind of violence on _______ television.
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
How do we know what _______ universe is supposed to look like?
a. a 	b. an 	c. the	 	d. Ø
Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one.
I will take up golf this year.
a. I will begin to play golf this year. 
b. I will stop playing golf this year.
c. I will build a golf court this year. 
d. I will enter a golf competition this year.
Housewives do not have to spend a lot of time doing housework any more.
a. Housework will never be done by housewives any more.
b. Housewives have to spend more and more time to do housework.
c. Never have housewives spent as much time doing housework as they do now.
d. No longer do housewives have to spend a lot of time doing housework.
Go over the report before you submit it.
a. Before you submit the report, you should be finished writing it.
b. Type the report quickly and then submit it.
c. Read the report carefully before you submit it. 
d. Before you write the report you have to find enough information.
We always stand by you when you are in need.
a. Whenever you are in need, we stand next to you.
b. We cannot do anything for you though you are in need.
c. We always continue to support and help you when you are in need.
d. We can never stand your necessity.
The sign says, "Keep off the grass."
a. The sign says, "Have someone cut the grass immediately."
b. The sign says, "Don't walk on the grass."
c. The sign says, "Grass should not be grown here."
d. The sign says, "Water the grass, please."
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
What happens if, or when, robots are more intelligent than us? If we are going to start to see robots running around with personalities equivalent to human beings, in fifteen or twenty years. It is about time that we start thinking about that now. These machines are being developed. What will be the ultimate effect of this? Should they be allowed to make decisions regarding the application of labour force? What form and how intimate should human-robot relationships become? Is it a good or bad thing if robots become our natural successors and we fade into extinction?
Today's computers operate using transistors, wires and electricity. Future computers might use atoms, fibers and light. A new NASA-developed computing device allows machines to work much like the brain. This technology may allow fast-thinking machines to make decisions based on what they see. A planetary rover might use this technology to avoid obstacles. A spacecraft might use the technology to avoid hazards and identify a pre-selected landing site with very high precision. The device works much like the brain, whose power comes from the complex networks of interconnections called "synapses" between brain cells. Networks of these brain cells, called neurons, allow humans to make instant decisions based on an observed image or scene.
What might the world be like, if computers with the size of molecules become a reality? There will be the types of computers that may be everywhere, but never be seen. Bio - computers with very small size will target specific areas inside your body. Imagine the ways that billions of tiny, powerful computers will change our society.
In the future, robots will take place of the human labor force. .
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
Human beings will be in danger of extinction due to robots' destruction.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
So far, the scientists from NASA have developed machines, which work in the same way as the brain. 
a. True 	b. False	 c. No information
A new NASA-developed computing device can help a spacecraft avoid hazards and identify a pre-selected landing site with very high precision.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
New computers in the future will have such a small size that they cannot be seen.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Robots are already a part of our lives. Industrial robots widely used in manufacturing. Military and police organizations use robots to (41) _____ in dangerous situations. Robots can (42) _____ be found from vacuuming the floors in your home to exploring the surface of Mars. 
Within a few more years a whole host of robotic adaptations will be running many aspects' of our lives. "I think in (43) _____ next thirty years, we are going to see a transformation between the industrial sorts of robots to personal robots," says Brooks from Brooks' company, IRobot, markets floor cleaning robots for homes.
"The advances in robotics make it clear that many household (44) ____ will be easily handled by a robot in the near future," says Bob Christopher, who works for a robotic technology company that is marketing a toy robot (45) _____ Pleo. "We have only one child but I could easily (46) _____ five or six robots in the home as well."
Within the next 10 years one will be able to (47) _____, to lease or purchase a domestic robot that not only does the household cleaning and prepare and serve his meals, (48) _____ also can carry him to the bathtub if he cannot walk.
Demographic changes, such as a rapidly aging population and a shrinking workforce, will drive forward the application of new (49) ___. There is going to be a real pull for increasing the productivity of working age people. So there is going to be a real push for robotics to help people. (50) _____ addition it is likely that in the near future we will see robots- taking on some of the care functions elderly, or long-term ill people.
a. assist 	b. increase 	c. make 	d. create
a. so 	b. either 	c. too 	d. also
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
a. aspects 	b. chores 	c. works 	d. jobs
a. which called 	b. called 	c. calling 	d. that called
a. hope 	b. think 	c. imagine 	d. look
a. afford 	b. attain 	c. offer 	d. affect
a. either 	b. as 	c. and 	d. but
a. technology 	b. technological 	c. technique	 	d. technician
a. At	 	b. In 	c. For 	d. With
Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
a. powerful 	b. medical 	c. dangerous 	d. computer
a. influence 	b. confident 	c. disappear 	d. terrorism
a. corporation	 	b. electronic 	c. responsibility 	d. electricity
a. ahead 	b. system 	c. paper 	d. shuttle
a. history 	b. depression 	c. invention 	d. completely
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
There is a wide _______ of computers in that shop for you to choose.
a. vary 	b. various 	c. variety 	d. variously
There are several places where residents face the threat of _______ every day.
a. terrorist 	b. terrorism 	c. terrorize 	d. terror

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