Bài tập thực hành Unit 12 - Sách Mai Lan Hương Lớp 12

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Bài tập thực hành Unit 12 - Sách Mai Lan Hương Lớp 12
WATER SPORTS – 03-3-2009
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.
a. interfered 	b. allowed 	c. visited 	d. played
a. water 	b. swimming 	c. between 	d. rowing
a. lie 	b. goalie 	c. achieve 	d. belief
a. punch 	b. synchronized 	c. March 	d. touching
a. caps 	b. meters 	c. swimmers 	d. lines
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
How many players are there in _______ water polo team?
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
_______ swimming is considered to be good way of losing weight.
a. Ø / a 	b. The / a 	c. A / the 	d. The / the
They are going to _______ the pool to 1.8 meter. 
a. deep 	b. depth 	c. deepen 	d. deeply
The referee had no hesitation in awarding the visiting team a _______.
a. penalty 	b. penalize 	c. penal 	d. penalization
The crowd cheered as the goalkeeper deflected the _______.
a. shoot 	b. shooting 	c. shooter 	d. shot
_______ defense, the players work to regain possession of the ball and prevent a goal
a. About 	b. Over 	c. Without 	d. On
Players can move the ball by throwing it _______ a teammate or swimming while pushing the ball in front of them.
a. for 	b. into 	c. to 	d. from
Shots usually succeed when the goalie is out _______ position.
a. into 	b. for 	c. of 	d. off
In water polo, a shot is successful if the ball completely passes between the goal posts and underneath the _______.
a. net 	b. crossbar 	c. ball 	d. goalie
A defensive player may only hold, block or pull a / an _______ who is touching or holding the ball.
a. audience 	b. referee 	c. goalie 	d. opponent
If a defender _______ a foul within the five meter area that prevents a likely goal, the attacking team is awarded a penalty throw or shot.
a. commits 	b. interferes 	c. punches 	d. touches
The more' goals the players _______, the more exciting the match became.
a. marked 	b. made 	c. scored 	d. sprinted
After a tie, there are two overtime periods of three minutes each.
a. penalty 	b. draw 	c. score 	d. goal
The goalkeeper can also be ejected for twenty seconds if a major foul is committed.
a. advanced 	b. sprinted 	c. played 	d. excluded
A goalie who aggressively fouls an attacker in position to score can be charged with a _______ shot for the other team.
a. penalty 	b. preventing 	c. scoring 	d. ranging
_______ is a sport in which people or teams race against each other in boats with oars.
a. Rowing 	b. Windsurfing	 	c. Swimming 	d. Water polo
I have never taken part in any water sports _______ I cannot swim.
a. because 	b. because of 	c. due to 	d. partly because of
Many people do not like scuba diving _______.
a. because it is dangerous 	b. because of it is dangerous
c. because its danger 	d. due to it is dangerous
New Zealand _______ 1,000 miles southeast of Australia.
a. lies about 	b. is lain 	c. is lying 	d. is laid about
John _______ across the lawn.
a. danced wildly 	b. was wildly danced
c. was dancing wild 	d. was being danced wildly
John _______ every summer.
a. plays softball and tennis 	b. plays with softball and tennis
c. is played softball and tennis 	d. is played with softball and tennis
The eagle _______ higher and higher in the sky.
a. soar 	b. soared 	c. is soared 	d. was soared
The ship _______ during the night.
a. has remained the harbor 	b. was remained the harbor
c. remained the harbor 	d. remained in the harbor
The baby _______.
a. was sleeping depth 	b. was slept deeply
c. slept in depth 	d. was sleeping deeply
They _______ by the sea.
a. are staying at a hotel 	b. are staying a hotel
c. are being stayed a hotel 	d. are being stayed at a hotel
Error Identification.
Windsurfing, which is a water sport combining elements of surfing and 
 A B 
sailing first developed in the United States in 1968 and also called boardsailing. C D
The windsurfer stands on a board that is propelled and steering by 
 A B
means of a sail attached to a mast that is articulated at the foot.
 C D
Since 1984 the sport has included in the Olympic Games as part of the
 A B C D
yachting events.
The sport was became very popular in Europe and by the late 70's 
 A B 
there was windsurfing fever in Europe with one in every three.
households having a sailboard 
The first world championship of windsurfing held in 1973. Windsurfing 
 A B C
first became an Olympic sport in 1984 for men and 1992 for women.
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
There is very little documentation about the origins of water polo. It is known, however, that the sport originated in the rivers and lakes of mid-19th century England as an aquatic version of rugby. Early games used an inflated rubber ball that came from India known as a "pulu" (the single Indian word for all "balls"). Pronounced "polo" by the English, both the game and the ball became known as "water polo." To attract more spectators to swimming exhibitions, the London Swimming Association designed a set of water polo rules for indoor swimming pools in 1870. At first, players scored by planting the ball on the end of the pool with both hands. A favorite trick of the players was to place the five-to-nine inch rubber ball inside their swimming suit and dive under the murky water, they would then appear again as close to the goal as possible. The introduction of the rules by Scottish players changed the nature of water polo. It became a game that emphasized swimming, speed and passing. Scottish rules moved from a rugby variant to a soccer style of play. Goals became a cage of 10x 3 feet and a goal could be scored by being thrown. Players could only be tackled when they "held" the ball and the ball could no longer be taken under water. The small rubber ball was replaced by a leather soccer ball. If the player came up too near the goal, he was promptly jumped on by the goalie, who was permitted to stand on the pool deck. Games were often nothing more than gang fights in the water as players ignored the ball, preferring underwater wrestling matches that usually ended with one man floating to the surface unconscious. Water polo was first played in the USA in 1888. The game featured the old rugby style of play which resembled American football in the water. "American style" water polo became very popular and by the late 1890's was played in such venues as Madison Square Garden and Boston's Mechanics Hall, attracting 14,000 spectators to national championship games.
According to the text, _______.
a. the origins of water polo are written thoroughly in a lot of documents
b. water polo is an aquatic version of rugby
c. water polo first appeared somewhere outside England
d. people have played water polo since the early 19th century.
The present rules of water polo were invented _______.
a. by Scottish players 	b. by Indian players
c. the London Swimming Association 	d. in 1870
In water polo, the players score a goal by _______.
a. swimming 	b. passing 	c. catching 	d. throwing
The present water polo ball is made of _______.
a. rubber 	b. leather 	c. bone 	d. wood
Water polo became popular in America in _______.
a. the middle of the 19th century 	b. in 1870
c. in 1888 	d. by the late 1890's
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Rowing is a sport in which athletes race' against each other on river, lakes or on the ocean, (41) _____ on the type of race and the discipline. The boats are propelled by the reaction forces on the oar blades (42) _____ they are pushed against the water. The sport can be both recreational, focusing (43) _____ learning the techniques required, and competitive where overall fitness plays a large role. It is also one of (44) _____ oldest Olympic sports. In the United States, Australia and Canada, high school and collegial rowing is sometimes referred to as crew.
(45) _____ rowing, the athlete sits in the boat facing backwards, towards the stern, and uses the oars which are held in (46) _____ by the oarlocks to propel the boat forward, towards the bow. It is a demanding sport requiring strong core balance as well as physical (47) _____ and cardiovascular endurance.
Since the action of rowing (48) _____ fairly popular throughout the world, there are many different types of (49) _____. These include endurance races, time trials, stake racing, bumps racing, and the side-by-side format used in the Olympic Games. The many different formats are a result of the long (50) _____ of the sport, its development in. different regions of the world, and specific local requirements and restrictions. 
a. depending 	b. creating 	c. interesting 	d. carrying
a. but 	b. because	c. as 	d. as soon as
a. of 	b. on	c. with 	d. about
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
a. Over 	b. Of 	c. During 	d. While
a. area 	b. sight 	c. part 	d. place
a. strong 	b. strongly 	c. strength 	d. strengthen
a. was become 	b. has become 	c. is become 	 d. is becoming
a. competition 	b. examination 	c. test 	d. round
a. work 	b. history 	c. period 	d. race 
Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
a. water 	b. football 	c. begin 	d. meter
a. personal 	b. penalty 	c. defensive 	d. vertical
a. award 	b. prevent 	c. visit 	d. except
a. goalie 	b. advanced 	c. above 	d. depend
a. overtime 	b. decision 	c. period 	d. penalize
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
Water polo is played in _______ pool 1.8 meters deep.
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
The goalie tried to catch _______ ball, but he failed.
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
The final I _______ was 3-0.
a. score 	b. scoring 	c. scorer 	d. scores
The referee's _______ is the most important in any sport competition.
a. decide 	b. decisive 	c. decision 	d. decider
_______ players are not allowed to interfere with the opponent's movements unless the player is holding the ball. 
a. Defense 	b. Defensive 	c. Defender 	 d. Defensively
_____ the start of each period, both teams line up on their own goal line.
a. In 	b. For 	c. From 	d. At
A water polo ball is constructed of waterproof material to allow it to float _______ the water.
a. upon 	b. over 	c. above 	d. on
There are six field player positions and a goalkeeper ______ each team.
a. on 	b. with 	c. from 	d. for
_______ is a sport in which two or more people perform complicated and carefully planned movements in water in time to music.
a. Rowing 	b. Windsurfing 	c. Diving d. Synchronized swimming
If the tie is not broken after two overtime _______, a penalty shootout will determine the winner.
a. opponents 	b. waves 	c. parts 	d. periods
Minor _______ occur when a player impedes or otherwise prevents the free movement of an opponent including swimming on the opponent's shoulders, back or legs.
a. penalties 	b. shots 	c. fouls 	d. motions
_______ is a game played in a swimming pool in which two teams of swimmers try to score goals with a ball.
a. Water polo 	b. Rowing 	c. Swimming 	 d. Water skiing
Offensive players may be called for a foul by pushing off a defender to provide space for a _______ or shot.
a. pass 	b. crossbar 	c. box 	d. goal
A penalty shot is _______ when a major foul is committed inside the 5-meter line.
a. prevented	 	b. awarded 	c. committed 	d. ranged
A dry pass, meaning the ball does not _______ the water is thrown a few inches above the head of the catching player.
a. catch 	b. hold 	c. swim 	d. touch
_______ is a sport in which you move along the surface of the sea or a lake on a long narrow board with a sail on it. 
a. Water polo 	b. Diving 	c. Windsurfing 	d. Scuba diving
Water polo balls _______ with a special texture so it will not slip from the hands of a player.
a. cover 	b. are covered 	c. are being covered 	d. covered
Alexis _______ next week.
a is swimming in the state championship 
b. is swimming the state championship
c. is swum the state championship 
d. is swum the state championship
The news of war _______ and the world. 
a. was shocked the nation 	b. was shocked by the nation
c. shocked the nation 	d. shocked by the nation
The player _______.
a. will reward for his hat-trick 	b. will be rewarded for his hat-trick
c. will reward his hat-trick 	d. will be rewarded his hat-trick
Before the end of the term, I _______ all the required reading.
a. was finished by 	b. had been finished by
c. had finished 	d. had been finished
The player was ejected because he committed a foul.
a. as 	b. due to 	c. despite 	d. provided
John could not continue the match _______ his badly injured leg.
a. because 	b. since 	c. as 	d. because of
They cancelled the match _______ his badly injured leg.
a. due to it rained heavily 	b. because of the heavy rain
c. because of it rained heavily 	d. because the heavy rain
You need proper shoes to go hiking in the mountains, _______ the ground is rough and hard.
a. though 	b. due to 	c. because of 	d. because
Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one.
He could escape from hurt because he was wearing protective clothes.
a. Thanks to his protective clothes, he could escape from hurt.
b. His protective clothes made him hurt.
c. Due to his protective clothes, he was hurt.
d. His being hurt made his unable to wear protective clothes.
We were unable to type the contract because the computer malfunctioned.
a. Despite a computer malfunction, we managed to finish typing the contract.
b. The computer malfunction helped us complete the contract.
c. The fact that the computer malfunction prevented us from typing the contract.
d. Thanks to the computer malfunction, we could type the contract.
The roads were slippery because it snowed heavily.
a. It snowed too heavily to make the roads slippery.
b. The heavy snow prevented the roads from-being slippery.
c. Thanks to the slip of the roads, it snowed heavily.
d. The heavy snow made the roads slippery.
The accident happened because she was careless.
a. The accident was prevented due to her carelessness.
b. Her carelessness was responsible for the accident.
c. It was the accident that made her careless.
d. The more careless she was, the less accident happened.
I did not understand what the lecturer was saying because I had not read his book.
a. What the lecturer wrote and said was too difficult for me to understand.
b. The lecturer's book which I had not read was difficult to understand.
c. I found it very difficult to understand what the lecturer said in his book.
d. I would have understood what the lecturer was saying if I had read his book.
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
Water sports are as challenging as they are fun. Although water sports are not as popular as basketball or football, activities such as parasailing, water skiing, water polo, wakeboarding, jet skiing and competitive swimming interest many people. Ail water sports have an element of danger involved, which is why it is important to follow these safety tips before you dive in.
Step 1: Learn how to swim. Sure, it seems obvious, but it is also extremely important. Do not even think about skiing, tubing, wakeboarding or water polo if you cannot stay afloat in water deeper than your height.
Step 2: Check your equipment and your life safety tools. Count your life vests and have floatation devices nearby. If you are engaging in a sport that requires a lot of equipment, such as wakeboarding, go over every piece to ensure proper functioning.
Step 3: Be physically fit. Put your pride aside and get in shape. Most water sports are incredibly strenuous and require the player to have physical endurance. It can be dangerous to participate in a water sport, such as water skiing or wakeboarding, when your body isn't ready.
Step 4: Save the tricks for the professionals. If you are an amateur, do not attempt water sport tricks. It is tempting to push to the next level with sports like skiing and sailing, but train heavily first. 
Step 5: Recruit a spotter. When you do water sports, always have an extra person on hand to spot for you. This includes indoor sports like' water polo, diving and competitive swimming.
Water sports are much more popular than basket ball and football.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
Sometimes it is dangerous to playa water sport.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
The first thing you have to do is to learn how to swim if you want to take up a water sport.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
You need to have a boat right beside all the time if you want to take up a water sport.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
There are tricks which amateur players cannot play.
a. True 	b. False 	c. No information
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Sailing or boating may seem to be very interesting with the high level of technical elements (41) _____ in the sport. Whether you choose a small (42) _____ or a catamaran, whether you choose lake or ocean sailing, there are (43) _____ number of things you need to master before you can start enjoying the pure (44) _____ of being on the water.
Getting the sailing skills which you need to start sailing your own boat is easy if you just sign up with a sailing school. You can learn to sail (45) _____ any age. There are no (46) ____. The best schools and instructors will teach you all you need to know about sailing in a friendly and pleasant manner. As with all sports, sailing will get you into (47) _____ with new friends. There is a closeness that develops out at sea, however, (48) _____ not many other sports have. Being on the water in any capacity demands a healthy outlook and way of life. Sailing and boating are two sports that (49) _____ all our senses to be at their peak. Sailing calls upon physical strength, intelligence and intuition. It is one sport that allows you to leave all your daily concerns and (50) _____ back on the land and to be off with only your bare self.
a. invented 	b. consisted 	c. involved 	d. contained
a. fleet 	b. submarine 	c. ferry 	d. boat
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
a. please 	b. pleasure 	c. pleasant 	d. pleasantly
a. with 	b. at 	c. in 	d. for
a. investment 	b. disappearance 	c. discoveries 	d. restrictions
a. allowance 	b. pace 	c. contact 	d. keeping
a. which 	b. that 	c. when 	d. whom
a. ask 	b. say 	c. tell 	d. demand
a. cultures 	b. habits 	c. traditions 	d. customs
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.
a. sprint 	b. line 	c. divide 	d. ride
a. swimming 	b. post 	c. decision 	d. score 
a. style 	b. penalty 	c. pretty 	d. typical
a. pool 	b. good 	c. look 	d. book
a. foul 	b. house 	c. amount 	d. adventurous
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
Where can people play _______ water polo? 
a. a 	b. an 	c. the 	d. Ø
No _______ water polo player except _______ goalie can hold the ball with both hands.
a. a / the 	b. the / Ø 	c. the / a 	d. Ø / the
The main task of a defender in a sport game is to _______ the opponents from scoring.
a. prevent 	b. preventing 	c. prevention 	 d. preventable
Many young men prefer scuba-diving because it is _______.
a. adventure 	b. adventurous 	c. adventurously 	d. adventurist
I _______ think that scuba diving is more of danger than adventure.
a. person 	b. personal 	c. personally 	 d. personalize
What kind of sport one chooses to play mostly depends _______ his preference and health.
a. with 	b. for	 	c. in 	d. on
Most referees often wears _______ black.
a. in 	b. for 	c. with 	d. on
In water polo game, only the goalie can hold the ball _______ two hands.
a. at 	b. in 	c. with 	d. from
If the score is tied at the end of regulation play, two _______ periods of three minutes each are play

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