Đề tập huấn thi THPT quốc gia môn: Tiếng Anh - Mã đề thi 111

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Đề tập huấn thi THPT quốc gia môn: Tiếng Anh - Mã đề thi 111
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian phát đề)
(50 câu trắc nghiệm)
Mã đề thi: 111
Họ, tên thí sinh:..................................................................... SBD: ...........................................
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 1 to 7.
"The economic history of the United States", one scholar has written, "is the history of the rise and development of the capitalistic system". The colonists of the eighteenth century pushed forward what those of the seventeenth century have begun: the expansion and elaboration of an economy born in the great age of capitalist expansion.
Our excellent natural resources paved the way for the development of abundant capital to increase our growth. Capital includes the tools – such as: machines, vehicles, and buildings – that makes the outputs of labor and resources more valuable. But it also includes the funds necessary to buy those tools. If a society had to consume everything it produced just to stay alive, nothing could be put aside to increase future productions. But if a farmer can grow more corn than his family needs to eat, he can use the surplus as seed to increase the next crop, or to feed workers who build tractors. This process of capital accumulation was aided in the American economy by our cultural heritage. Saving played an important role in the European tradition. It contributed to American’s motivation to put something aside today for the tools to buy tomorrow.
The great bulk of the accumulated wealth of America, as distinguished from what was consumed, was derived either directly or indirectly from trade. Though some manufacturing existed, its role in the accumulation of capital was negligible. A merchant class of opulent proportions was already visible in the seaboard cities, its wealth as the obvious consequence of shrewd and resourceful management of the carrying trade. Even the rich planters of tidewater Virginia and the rice coast of South Carolina finally depended for their genteel way of life upon the ships and merchants who sold their tobacco and rice in the markets of Europe. As colonial production rose and trade expanded, a business community emerged in the colonies, linking the provinces by lines of trade and identity of interest.
Question 1: With what subject is this passage mainly concerned?
A. Economics	B.  Finance	C. Geography	D.  Culture
Question 2: The phrase "paved the way" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to
A. supported	B. accumulated
C. paid for	D. resembled
Question 3: It can be inferred from the passage that the European ancestors of early Americans
A. taught their skills to their offspring	B. were good farmers
C. were accustomed to saving	D. sent many tools to America
Question 4: According to the passage, which of the following would lead to accumulating capital?
A. Consuming what is produced
B. Planting more of a crop than what is needed
C. Training workers who produce goods.
D. Studying the culture history of the country
Question 5: The word "it" in the third sentence of paragraph 2 refers to
A. growth	B. labour	C. resource	D. capital
Question 6: According to the passage, capital includes all of the following EXCEPT ______.
A. tractors	B. money	C. workers	D. factories
Question 7: According to the passage, the emergence of a business community in the colonies was a result of
A. the success of production and trade	B. the existence of manufacturing
C. the immigration	D. efficient saving
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions from 8 to 9.
Question 8: A. social	B. notice	C. meter	D. begin
Question 9: A. generation	B. attractiveness	C. traditional	D. American
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to each of the following exchanges from 10 to 11.
Question 10: “Would you like another bottle of wine?” -“_________”
A. You’re welcome	B. Yes, please	C. Yes, thanks	D. Of course
Question 11: “Do you want me to help you with those suitcases?” “_______.”
A. No, I can manage them myself.	B. Of course, not for me
C. No. I can’t help you now.	D. No, those aren’t mine
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions from 12 to 13.
Question 12: The chairman initiated the proceedings with a brief speech.
A. confused	B. closed	C. started	D. complicated
Question 13: Satish’s point of view was correct but his behaviour with his father was quite impertinent.
A. healthy	B. smooth	C. inadequate	D. respectful
Read the following passage and then choose the most suitable word or phrase for each space from 14 to 18.
Last year, there were millions of international tourist arrivals across the globe. Whether they were students on their (14)______ years looking for overseas adventure, stressed-out workers hoping to get away for a weekend, or retirees wishing to relax in an exotic location- clearly none of them thought they could find the same experience at home. The question is (15)_______ foreign travel brings more advantages or disadvantages.
An obvious positive point is that going abroad sometimes helps people to expand their knowledge of the world. If they are (16)_____ - minded, they can learn about new cultures and hopefully gain a more accurate understanding about their way of life. In addition, there is the economic benefit of tourism to countries which have few other resources. It can provide an income to many people within the industry.
Having said that, some people simply go to a foreign resort (17)______ by high walls and therefore learn little about their holiday (18)______. Another issue is that hordes of tourists often spoil the “unspoilt” places they visit. The most recent example of this is Antarctica, where last year cruise ships took thousands of visitors to view the disappearing icebergs and wildlife. Vegetation, nesting penguins and resting walrus are vulnerable when humans intrude.
Question 14: A. space	B. break	C. pause	D. gap
Question 15: A. which	B. although	C. whether	D. how
Question 16: A. open	B. narrow	C. absent	D. single
Question 17: A. covered	B. surrounded	C. sheltered	D. stopped
Question 18: A. direction B. destination C. departure D. situation
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions from 19 to 21.
Question 19: Tom acts as if he knew every thing.
A. Tom knows every thing so he acts that way.
B. Tom doesn’t know every thing but he wants to appear he does.
C. The way Tom acts shows that he knows every thing.
D. Tom acts like that he knew every thing.
Question 20: You’re not to blame for what happened.
A. We blame you for what happened.	B. You are not accused of what happened.
C. You’re responsible for what happened.	D. What happened is not your fault.
Question 21: The plane couldn’t take off because of the heavy rain.
A. The heavy rain prevented the plane from landing.
B. The heavy rain made impossible for the plane to take off.
C. It is impossible for the plane to take off in the heavy rain.
D. The heavy rain stopped the plane from taking off.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 22 to 33.
Question 22: The students are usually taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they _______ by Mr. Tanzer.
A. will be teaching	B. are teaching
C. are being taught	D. have been teaching
Question 23: _______ colleges and _______ universities are the main institutions that provide tertiary education.
A. Ø / Ø	B. The / the	C. Ø / the	D. The / Ø
Question 24: The longer he waited, _______ impatient he got.
A. the more	B. better	C. more	D. the better
Question 25: Jeff wanted to know __________.
A. that why were his friends laughing	B. why were his friends laughing
C. the reason why his friends laughing	D. why his friends were laughing
Question 26: He _________ born in a rich family.
A. is thought to have been	B. is thought to be been
C. thinks to have been	D. thinks to be
Question 27: I’m ________ a complete loss to understand why you reacted so violently.
A.  at	B. by	C. in	D. on
Question 28: The number of higher education _______ has risen this year for the first time in more than a decade.
A. applies	B. applications	C. applicable	D. applicants
Question 29: My husband and I both go out to work so we share the _______.
A. employment	B. household chores	C. responsibility	D. happiness
Question 30: Different conservation efforts have been _______ in order to save endangered species.
A. take	B. give	C. made	D. done
Question 31: _______ education is normally taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, as well as vocational education and training.
A. Intermediate	B. Primary	C. Tertiary	D. Secondary
Question 32: He’ll be very upset if you _________ his offer of help.
A. turn down	B. turn from	C. turn away	D. turn against
Question 33: This is __________ the most difficult job I’ve ever had to do.
A. by chance	B. by myself	C. by far	D. by heart
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions from 34 to 35.
Question 34: We chose to find a place for the night. We found the bad weather very inconvenient.
A. The bad weather prevented us from driving any further.
B. Bad weather was approaching, so we started to look for a place to stay.
C. Seeing that the bad weather had set in, we decided to find somewhere to spend the night.
D. Because the climate was so severe, we were worried about what we'd do at night.
Question 35: She tried very hard to pass the driving test. She could hardly pass it.
A. Although she didn‘t try hard to pass the driving test, she could pass it.
B. She tried very hard, so she passed the driving test satisfactorily.
C. No matter how hard she tried, she could hardly pass the driving test.
D. Despite being able to pass the driving test, she didn‘t pass it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions from 36 to 37.
Question 36: He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of crime
A. complain	B. exchange	C. explain	D. arrange
Question 37: There’s a shuttle bus to the nearby airport hotel.
A. bus with air-conditioners	B. bus travels regularly between two places
C. bus that travels overnight	D. bus which looks like a shuttle
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions from 38 to 40.
Question 38: Air pollution, together with littering, are causing many problems in our large, industrial cities today.
 A B C D
Question 39: Kentucky was the home of Abraham Lincoln, that was the president during the Civil War.
 A B C D
Question 40: My close friend is rich, handsome and many people like him.
 A B C D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 41 to 48.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the United States had tremendous natural resources that could be exploited in order to develop heavy industry. Most of the raw materials that are valuable in the manufacture of machinery, transportation facilities, and consumer goods lay ready to be worked into wealth. Iron, coal, and oil - the basic ingredients of  industrial growth - were plentiful and needed only the application of technical expertise, organizational skill, and labor.
One crucial development in this movement toward industrialization was the growth of the railroads. The railway network expanded rapidly until the railroad map of the United States looked like a spider's web, with the steel filaments connecting all important sources of raw materials, their places of manufacture, and their centers of distribution.
The railroads contributed to the industrial growth not only by connecting these major centers, but also by themselves consuming enormous amounts of fuel, iron, and coal. Many factors influenced emerging modes of production. For example, machine tools, the tools used to make goods, were steadily improved in the latter part of the nineteenth century - always with an eye to speedier production and lower unit costs.
The products of the factories were rapidly absorbed by the growing cities that sheltered the workers and the distributors. The increased urban population was nourished by the increased farm production that, in turn, was made more productive by the use of the new farm machinery. American agricultural production kept up with the urban demand and still had surpluses for sale to the industrial centers of Europe.
The labor that ran the factories and built the railways was recruited in part from American farm areas where people were being displaced by farm machinery, in part from Asia, and in part from Europe. Europe now began to send tides of immigrants from eastern and southern Europe - most of whom were originally poor farmers but who settled in American industrial cities. The money to finance this tremendous expansion of the American economy still came from European financiers for the most part, but the Americans were approaching the day when their expansion could be financed in their own “money market”.
Question 41: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The history of railroads in the United States
B. The major United States industrial centers
C. The role of agriculture in the nineteenth century
D. Factors that affected industrialization in the United States
Question 42: Why does the author mention “a spider's web” in paragraph 2?
A. To emphasize the railroad's consumption of oil and coal
B. To describe the complex structure of the railway system
C. To explain the problems brought on by railway expansion
D. To describe the difficulties involved in the distribution of raw materials
Question 43: The word “themselves” in paragraph 3 refers to ______.
A. sources	B. centers
C. railroads	D. places
Question 44: According to the passage, what was one effect of the improvement of machine tools?
A. Lower manufacturing costs
B. Better distribution of goods
C. More efficient transportation of natural resources
D. A reduction in industrial jobs
Question 45: Which of the following is NOT true of United States farmers in the nineteenth century?
A. They lost some jobs because of mechanization.
B. They were unable to produce sufficient food for urban areas.
C. They raised their productivity by using new machinery.
D. They sold food to European countries.
Question 46: The word “ran” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. operated	B. hurried	C. constructed	D. owned
Question 47: According to the passage, all of the following were true of railroads in the United States in the nineteenth century EXCEPT that__________.
A. they connected important industrial cities
B. they were necessary to the industrialization process
C. they were expanded in a short time
D. they used relatively small quantities of natural resources
Question 48: According to the passage, who were the biggest consumers of manufactured products?
A. Railway workers	B. Farmers	C. Europeans	D. City dwellers
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the pronunciation of the underlined part in each of the following questions from 49 to 50.
Question 49: A. coughed	B. appeared	C. loved	D. agreed
Question 50: A. achieve	B. choice	C. chemistry	D. each
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